Aboriginal Rights After Federation

Timeline created by Harryblake@live.com.au
  • Aboriginal people not allowed to vote.

    Aboriginal people are not classed as citizens in most of Australia. They are not allowed to vote.
  • Torres Strait Islanders are included in Qld protection Act.

    Torrest Strait Islanders included in the Queensland Aboriginal Protection Act.
  • Aboriginal 'half caste' people under legal guardionship in WA

    Aboriginal people, or 'half caste' people in Western Australia under the age of 16 are placed under legal guardianship of the Chief Protector of WA.
  • SA Aboriginal 'half caste' people are taken under legal guardianship.

    South Australian Aboriginal and 'Half Caste' children under 21 are placed under legal guardianship of the Chief Protector of SA.
  • NT Aboriginal and 'half caste' people are forced into a settlement.

    Northern Territory Aboriginal and 'Half Caste' people can be all forced into a settlement or mission and the Chief Protector is made the Legal Guardian of every child under 18 and can be removed at will.
  • Aboriginal People serve as Soldiers at Gallipoli.

    Aboriginal People go to Galipoli to help the Australian at war.
  • Aboriginal kids are taken away from their familes.

    Aboriginal children can be removed in NSW and other states without a court hearing.
  • The Aboriginal population is estimated to be only 60,000 - 70,000

    With an estimated Aboriginal population at its lowest of between 60,000 to 70,000 most Australians have no contact with aboriginal people due to segregation and social conventions.
  • NSW Aboriginal Protection Board is apposed.

    New South Wales Aborigines Protection Board is apposed by the newly formed Australian Aborigines' Progressive Association.
  • 11 Aboriginal people murdered in police custody.

    11 Aboriginal People are murdered in police custody after the killing of a European in Dala. Dala being in Western Australia. No one was prosecuted.
  • Aboriginal people did not recive old age pention.

    The Aborginal Protection Board collect Endowment instead of it being paid to Aboriginal People. The Aboriginal People also do not receive the Old Age Pension and the Maternity Allowance. These people were also banned from central Perth until 1948.
  • 30 Aboriginal people shot.

    After a man who Trapped Dingos for a living was killed, White People, including Police, killed over 30 Aboriginal People by shooting them. This happenend in Coniston and is commenly known as the Conniston Massacre. The massacre encouraged an enquirey into the conditions of Aboriginal People in the NT.
  • Aboriginal people can apply to be 'non Aboriginal'.

    To have access to the same right as Whites, Aboriginal People can apply to 'cease being Aboriginal' to the Aborigines Act.
  • Aboriginal people in WA must have permission to enter towns they can also be but in goal without trial.

    In WA permission must be granted for an Aboriginal person to enter a town and the Aboriginal Act is changed so that Aboriginal people can be put in goal without a trial.
  • Aboriginal kids taken loose their culture and identity.

    Assimilation Policies were adopted at the first Commonwealth and State conference. This enabled the removal of Aboriginal Children and the loss of Aboriginal identity and culture.
  • Aboriginal people refused lots of things.

    Seperation of Aboriginal people continued. Schools refused Aboriginal Enrolment, hospital, and theatres had separate areas for whites and Aboriginal People, and hotels (pubs) refused drinks to Aboriginl people.
  • A day of mouring

    On January 26 1938, an Aboriginal Conference is held by the Aborigines Progressive Association to mark the date as a 'Day of Mourning and Protest'.
  • The Abo Call.

    Australian Abo Call, a Sydney monthly newspaper pleads equal opportunity and treatment for Aboriginal people.
  • 2 Aboriginal Military Units are organised in world war 2.

    Two Aboriginal Military Units during World War 2 are organised, while other armed forces include Aboriginal people. Strict guidelines which are met by Aboriginal People allow them to receive support to leave reserves and seek improved living conditions by leaving reserves.
  • Requests to give the Aboriginal old age pention to Sir Thomas Playford.

    Requests to the Commonwealth Government by SA Premier Sir Thomas Playford to pay maternity and old age pension to the Aboriginal people.
  • Whilst Darwin is being bombed the Aboriginal kids are transported to saftey.

    Whilst Darwin is being bombed by the Japanese, Aboriginal people in Arnhem Land join together and create a reconnaissance unit. Missions in NT are evacuated and children sent to SA, NSW and Victoria.
  • Dog Lisenses - a certificet that allows Aboriginal people to enter towns.

    Dog tags' or 'Dog licences' which were Exemption Certificates were brought in. These allowed certain Aboriginal People the oporatunity to live like a White person although having to give up their traditional way
  • Aboriginal people at Pilbara go on strike to get better wages.

    Aboriginal people in the Pilbara, working on stations go on strike for bettter wages and conditions.
  • Australia supports the united nations to adopt Universal Human rights decloration.

    Australia supports the United Nations to adopt The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  • Aboriginals who forght at war are allowed to vote at federal elections.

    Aboriginals who have served in the defence forces or who are entitled to enrol in state elections are given the right to vote at Federal Elections.
  • All states attend a conference letting Aboriginal people live like whites

    All states and Territories except Victoria and Tasmania attend a conference for Native Welfare adopting a policy of Assimilation. Assimiliation meaning that Aboriginal people are expected to live like White Australians do.
  • NT makes Aboriginal people wards of the state.

    The Northern Territory makes Aboriginal People wards of the State, discriminating against them in employement and pay. International concern is expressed about the way we treated Aboriginal People.
  • Aboriginal people are fownd to have exposed to radiation.

    Radiation tests are carried out in Emu and Maralinga in SA and many Aboriginal People were found to have been exposed to radiation. Many dieing form radiation poisoning. Contamination causes hundreds of Aboriginal families to move from their homelands.
  • NADOC is created.

    NADOC is formed - National Aboriginal Day Of Observance Committee is started.
  • The Victorian Aborigines Welfare Board is in place.

    The Victorian Aborigines Welfare Board is in place.
  • TheFederal Council for the advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders is formed

    Federal Council for the advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, formaly known as Federal Council for the advancement of Aborigines if formed.
  • Aboriginal kids are no longer sent on missions for their education

    Children in Wa are no longer sent to missions for their education by the WA Dept of Native Affairs.
  • Old age pention is given to the Aboriginal people.

    Old aged pentions and other social services were given to Aborigianl People.
  • All States and Territorys ammended their legislation.

    All States and Territories ammended their leagislatin after the Conference of National Welfare Ministers. Agreeing to incorporate Aboriginal People into the White system and agree to aducate White aAustralian about Aboriginal Culture.
  • Aboriginal people want justice for land rights.

    Land Rights became apparent and realisation of claims for justice by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.
  • Canberra becomes home to Aboriginal Studies.

    Canberra becomes home to Aboriginal Studies.
  • WA, QLD and NT let Aboriginals vote.

    Western Australia, Queensland and the NT amend the act to allow Aboriginal People to vote.
  • The Yirrkala people conplain about mining in their land.

    The Yirrkala People for WA protest about their land being used for mining.
  • Discrimination removed from the Act.

    Some discrimination againt Aboriginal people is removed by the Northern territory Social Welfare Ordinance.
  • Demonstration against segregation

    Aboriginal People, including students demonstate against segregation in Cinemas, swimming pools, hotels and clubs as well as white people refusing service in shops in country towns. This is known as the 'Freedom Ride'.
  • Australia signs against racisim

    The International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial is signed by Australia.
  • SA passes non discrimination Act.

    SA passes an Act that does not allow discrimination against race colour or country of origin.
  • NT Aboriginal Stockman starts 9 year protest.

    Stockmen from NT (Gurindgi Station) protest for 9 years and ends with some land being returned by Prime Minister Whitlam in 1975
  • Aboriginal people sent of land due to wages.

    Property Owners gradually send Aboriginal People off their land due to Award wages being paid to Aborigainal People.
  • Australia vote regarding Aboriginal census inclusion.

    Australia votes to get rid off sections of our constitution allowing the government to make rules about Aboriginal People and include them in the Census.
  • Office of Aboriginal Affairs.

    Australias Commonwealth Government starts the Office of Aboriginal Affairs.
  • Information given to United Nation Secretary.

    The United Nations Secretary is given information on the Aboriginal People.
  • Closing down of NSW Welfare Board.

    The NSW Aboriginal Welfare Board finishes.
  • NT land rights.

    Land Lease rights are permitted on NT reserves to Aboriginal People.
  • Aboriginal Flag flown in Adelaide.

    The Aboriginal Flag is put up in Victoria Square, Adelaide for the first time. Mr Bonner comes from Qld.
  • Begining of NSW Legal Service.

    A legal service called the New South Wales Legal Service begins.
  • NSW school open for Aboriginal Children.

    NSW school Principals have to allow Aboriginal Children into schools.
  • Tent Embassy Established

    The Aboriginal Tent Embassy in Canberra is started on Australia Day due to land rights claims.
  • The Commonwealth Department Of Aboriginal Affairs is established.

    The beigining of the Commonwealth Department Of Aboriginal Affairs.
  • A change of Federal Government

    A change of Federal Governmemt Policy from protectionism and assimilation to cultural and linguistic maintenance and managemet of Aboriginal land.
  • The begining of Aboriginal Land Rights Commission.

    The astablishment of Aboriginal Land Rights Commission.
  • The establishment of th National Aboriginal Consultive Commitee.

    The beginning of the advisory body to the Commonwealth Government, the National Aboriginal Consultative Committee.
  • The Woodward report.

    The Aboriginal Land Commission tables the Woodward report acknowledging the Aboriginals land rights .
  • The establishment of the National Aboriginal And Islander Health Organisation.

    The formation of National Aboriginal And Islander Health Organisation.
  • The start of The Aboriginal Children Sevrice.

    The astablishment of service for the care and placement of Aboriginal children in NSW, The Aboriginal Childrens Service.
  • The Gurindji people gain a small portion of Wave Hill Staition.

    The Gurindji people gain leasehold title to a portion of Wave Hill Station.
  • The Pitjantjajara Land Council is formed.

    The Pitjantjajara Land Council is formed after the main suggestions from the Woodward report are implemented by the Northern Territorys Aboriginal Land Rights Act. This Act gives reserve land t the Aboriginal people.
  • The Victorian Aboriginal Child Care Agency is fownded.

    Victorian Aboriginal Child Care agency is established
  • The central land council is established

    The central Land Council is formed.
  • Aboriginal Development Commission is formed

    Aborignal Deveopment Commission is Established.
  • Fines for walking on sacred land sites.

    Prosecution for Trespass and desecration of sites due NT Aboriginal Sacred Sites Ordinance.
  • The Northern Land Council signed a Uraniam Mining Agreemet.

    The Northern Land Council and the Commonwealth of Australia sign an Uranium Minning Agreement.
  • Aboriginals seek government against mining on their land.

    Aboriginal Communities seek Commonwealth Gov Support againt mining on their reserve.
  • A Land Council in the Kinberlies is formed.

    A Land Council in the Kinberlies is formed.
  • The National Aboriginal Conference resolves the Aboriginal People.

    National Aboriginal Conference resolves the aboriginal People and the Commonwealth Gov should come to an agreement.
  • The National Federation of Land Council

    National Federatin of Land Council is started.
  • International an National attention is drawn.

    International and National attention is drawn by a duspite at Noonkanbah in WA about drilling on sacred sites.
  • Aboriginal Families find their sons and daughters after removel.

    A corporation is started to help Aboriginal Families find and reunite after being having children forcably removed.
  • World Council of Indigenous People is hoasted by the Aboriginal Council

    World Council of Indigenous People is is hosted by National Aboriginal Council in Australia.
  • The 1st State Act SA Pitjanajara land right Act is passed.

    The first State act, South Australian Pitjantjajara Land Rights Act act is passes to look after approx 100,000km of land for the Anangu people.
  • 100 Indigenous Child services.

    The interests of approx 100 Indigenous Child Sevices Groups are represented by the newly formed secretariat of National Aboriginal And Islander Child Care.
  • Aboriginal Placement Principal is incorporated in NT.

    The incorporation of Aboriginal Child Placement Principal in the NT is incorporated in the Northern Territory welfare legislation.
  • The Aboriginal ant Torres Strait Islander Act is Passed.

    The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Act is Passed.
  • The Tjartutja people claim 80,000km of land.

    Maralinga Tjartutja and Rights Act is established to administer 80,000km of Maralinga lands.
  • The Government returns Ayes Rock to the Aboriginals.

    The Commonwealth Government returns Ayes Rock to the Aborigianl People.
  • The acknowledgment of the poor conditions that Aboriginal people are living in due to the Goondiwindi riots.

    Public acknowledgement of the low socio-economic expectations and poor living standards of the Aboriginal People due to the riots in Goondiwindi.
  • The riots between Aboriginl and non-Aboriginal residentsof Goodiwindi.

    The 'Goondiwindi riot' beetween Aboriginals and non-Aboriginal residents of Goondiwindi complain about there living status.
  • Resources like water,health and educational needs were given to the Aboriginal People.

    Significant Resources such as basic housing, water, health and educatinal needs are given to the Aborigainal People after the first public enquirey due to The Goondawindi Riot
  • Lots of people dying in gaols is responded to the Royal Commissions.

    The high number of people dying in gaols is responded by the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody.
  • The ATSIC is setup for the Indigenous Affairs.

    The ATSIC the (Aboriginal and Tores Strait Islander Commission) set up as the main Commnwealth gency for the Indigenous affairs.
  • Death of 99 Aboriginals.

    Royal Commision into Aboriginal deaths in Custody report including the deaths of 99 Aboriginals.
  • Racist paperwork is tabled in Federal Parliment.

    National Inquiry into Racist Violence paper work is tabled in Federal Parliament.
  • The Federal Government looki at the living conditions of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal.

    The Federal Government start looking at the difference in the living conditions between Aboriginal an non- Aboriginal Australians.
  • High Court grants Eddie Mabos claim. (Mabo decision).

    The High Court deside that Native Title can be on land such as National parks and reserves ('Mabo' decision).
  • The Council is better understanding between Indigenous and Whites.

    The Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation is started to better understanding between Indigenous and Whites.
  • The Redfern park speech.

    The 'Redfern park speech' spoken by Prime Minister Keating accepts responsibility by non-Aboriginal Australians to the Aboriginal people.
  • The Torres Strait Islander flag is flown on Thursday Island.

    On Thursday Island for the first time the Torres Strait Islander Flag is flown.
  • Anti-racisim Campain is launched

    The National youth anti-raicisem Campain is launched.
  • Australia recognises Aboriginals who have been commited to their land.

    The principles of the 'Mabo decision' recognises Aboriginals who have been commited to their land.
  • Land claims for the Aboriginal people.

    The Native Title Act is established to make land claims for the Aboriginal people.
  • The racial Hatred Act has passed.

    The Racial Hatred Act has passed so that people from different backgrounds can be rid of anything racial.
  • Aboriginal people are getting their children back.

    National Inquirey into the seperation of children from their families is started.
  • Darwin includes 600 Aboriginal People who where removed from their families.

    Going Home Conference in Darwin includes 600 Aboriginal People who were removed from their families.
  • Land Fund Money can be used to assist with land purposes.

    Land Fund Money can be used to assist with land purchase, title transfere and financial and Management advice.
  • Justice for the Aboriginal people can be acheived.

    Reports presented to the Com gov by ATSIC on how social Justice for Aboriginal People could be acheived.
  • High Court limits Aboriginal Land Rights.

    High Court limits the Aboriginal land Rights and concludes that sometimes native title and parstoral leasehold can co-exist.
  • Bringing them home.

    Bringing them home, the Govement stops taking children away for their families.
  • Second Aboriginal person in parliment.

    Aden Ridgeway is the second Aboriginal person elected to federal perliment.
  • Re status of Aboriginal people

    Dibate at the Constitutional Convention re status of Indigenous people and cultural Diversity.
  • United Nations Committee found Native Title.

    United Nations Committee found the Native Title Act in breach to the United Nations Racial Discrimination and suggests talks with the Indigenous and is rejected by the Federal Government.
  • Recognisation of the Aboriginals.

    The draft Constitutional Preamble included recognisation of the unique culture, heritage and rights of Indigenous Australians
  • Sorry Day

    Kevin Rudd saids sorry to all the Aboriginal families for what they have done to their ansestors.