America in 1860-1920

Timeline created by ckoester
In History
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    In early 1862, Congress passed the Homestead Act, offering 160 acres of land free to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of the household.
  • The Typewriter

    The Typewriter
    Christopher Sholes invents the typewriter and changes the world of work.
  • William "Boss" Tweed

    William "Boss" Tweed
    Boss Tweed is convicted of Tammany Hall's graft and is sentenced to 12 years in jail.
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Watson unveiled the first telephone in 1876. It opened the way for a worldwide communications network.
  • The Light Bulb

    The Light Bulb
    In 1876, Thomas Alva Edison established the first research laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. There Edison perfected the first incandescent light bulb.
  • General Custer's Last Stand

    General Custer's Last Stand
    General Custer and the entire flight of soldiers of the 7th infantry are defeated by the Sioux Indians at Little Bighorn.
  • Bessemer Process

    Bessemer Process
    The Bessemer Process was invented to produce almost ninety percent of the nation's steel.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Booker T. Washington heads the Tuskegee Normal and Industial Institute, aimed to equip African Americans with teaching diplomas and useful skills in agricultural, domestic, or mechanical work.
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    In 1887, Congress passed the Dawes Act aiming to "Americanize" the Native Americans, the act broke up the reservations and gave individual land to the Native Americans.
  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    Congress establishes the right of the federal government to supervise railroad activities and establish a five-member Interstate Commerce Commision for that purpose.
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or with other countries.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    In 1892, Homer Plessy took a seat in the "Whites only seat." He was arrested, tried, and convicted in the District Court of New Orleans for breaking Louisiana's segregation law. Plessy appealed, and the Supreme Court ruled on May 18, 1896 that the issue did not violate the Constitution.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    William Jennings Bryan gives his famous "cross of gold" speech and wins the Democratic nomination. He becomes the leader of the Populist Movement.
  • The Elkins Act

    The Elkins Act
    With Roosevelt's urging, Congress passed the Elkins Act which made it illegal for railroad officials to give, and shippers to receive, rebates for using particular railroads. The act also specified that railroads could not change set rates without notifying the public.
  • First Flight

    First Flight
    The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, succeed in their first successful flight which lasted 12 seconds and covered 120 feet.
  • George Eastman

    George Eastman
    George Eastman's Kodak camera is used to capture the legendary first flight of the Wright Brothers in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • W.E.B Du Bois

    W.E.B Du Bois
    Du Bois founds the Niagara Movement which insisted that blacks should seek a liberal arts degree so the African-American community would have well educated leaders.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    In 1906, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, which halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling.
  • Taft is elected

    Taft is elected
    William Howard Taft and the republican party cruise for an easy victory over William Jennings Bryan and the democrats.
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    With the Republican Party split, the Democrats get their first chance at the White House since 1892, they put forward their candidate Woodrow Wilson who takes the presidency.
  • Period: to

    American History 1860-1920

    This is a timeline depicting the important events, people, inventions, and ideas of from the time period of 1860 to 1920.