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Social Theory (Callinicos, A. 2007)

Timeline created by alisoniredale
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
200px thomas hobbes  28portrait 29 Thomas Hobbes
200px frans hals   portret van ren c3 a9 descartes Rene Descartes Descartes' Life and Works"Father of Modern Philosophy"
see Montaigne
200px charles montesquieu Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brde et de Montesquieu He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire.
180px fran c3 a7ois quesnay Francois Quesnay Laissez Faire, laissez passer
In 1758 he published the Tableau conomique (Economic Table), which provided the foundations of the ideas of the Physiocrats. This was perhaps the first work to attempt to describe the workings of the economy in an analytical way, and as such can be viewed as one of the first important contributions to economic thought. cross reference Turgot
200px david hume David Hume Treatise of Human Nature
the self as "nothing but a bundle or collection of different perceptions, which succeed each other with an inconceivable rapidity and are in a perpetual flux or movement"
180px jean jacques rousseau  28painted portrait 29 Jean-Jacques Rousseau Social ContractThe first man who, having fenced in a piece of land, said "This is mine," and found people naive enough to believe him, that man was the true founder of civil society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this impostor; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itse
200px adamsmith Adam Smith is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their advantages.
200px immanuel kant  28painted portrait 29 Immanual Kant Immanuel Kant
Critque of Pure Reason
the self as as a :trancendental unity of apperception" a "noumental self" beyond but pre-supposed by sense-experience.
Idealism and the world as a creation of the mind.
key terms:
categorical imperative
200px anne robert jacques turgot Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot With the physiocrats, he believed in an enlightened political absolutism, and looked to the king to carry through all reforms
200px bentham Jeremy Bentham He became known as one of the most influential of the utilitarians, through his own work and that of his students. These included his secretary and collaborator on the utilitarian school of philosophy, James Mill; James Mill's son John Stuart Mill; and several political leaders including Robert Owen, who later became a founder of socialism. He is also considered the godfather of University College London.
200px thomas malthus Thomas Robert Malthus Malthus's theory of population has proven very influential. In 1978 Michael H. Hart published a book called The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, which placed Malthus at number 80 in this worldwide ranking.
200px hegel portrait by schlesinger 1831 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel HegelHegel's influence was immense both within philosophy and in the other sciences. Throughout the 19th century many chairs of philosophy around Europe were held by Hegelians, although Kierkegaard, Feuerbach, Marx, and Engels were all opposed to the most central themes of Hegel's philosophy. After less than a generation, Hegel's philosophy was suppressed and even banned by the Prussian right-wing, and was firmly rejected by the left-wing in multiple official writings.
Ricardo David Ricardo Perhaps the most important of his contributions was the theory of comparative advantage, a fundamental argument in favor of free trade among countries and of specialization among individuals. Ricardo argued that there is mutual benefit from trade (or exchange) even if one party (e.g. resource-rich country, highly-skilled artisan) is more productive in every possible area than its trading counterpart (e.g. resource-poor country, unskilled laborer), as long as each concentrates on the activities w
Timeline Auguste Comte
200px karl marx 001 Karl Heinrich Marx Karl Heinrich Marx
Timeline Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche
200px kierkegaard Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
Timeline Emile Durkheim
Timeline Max Weber Max Weber
Timeline Martin Heidegger
Timeline Walter Bendix Schnflies Benjamin
250px bakhtin Mikhail Bakhtin Mikhail Bakhtin
200px beauvoir Simone De Beauvoir
Timeline Hans-Georg Gadamer
175px rolandbarthes Roland Barthes Roland Barthes
Timeline Louis Pierre Althusser Louis Althusser
Timeline John Rawls http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/original-position/
The original position is a central feature of John Rawls's social contract account of justice, %u201Cjustice as fairness,%u201D set forth in A Theory of Justice (TJ). It is designed to be a fair and impartial point of view that is to be adopted in our reasoning about fundamental principles of justice. In taking up this point of view, we are to imagine ourselves in the position of free and equal persons who jointly agree upon and commit themselves to pri
200px jean francois lyotard Jean-Franois Lyotard Jean-Franois Lyotard
see:
postmodernism
phenomenology
reason and representation
Timeline Gilles Deleuze
Timeline Michel Foucault Michel Foucault
Timeline Jurgen Habermas Jrgen Habermas
200px wikipediabaudrillard20040612 Jean Baudrillard Jean Baudrillard
Timeline Jacques Derrida
Timeline Pierre Bourdieu
200px charles taylor  28philosopher 29 Charles Margrave Taylor Sources of the Self
Taylor is associated with political theorists like Michael Walzer and Michael Sandel, for their communitarian critique of liberal theory's understanding of the "self." Communitarians emphasize the importance of social and communal arrangements and institutions to the development of individual meaning and identity
Timeline Ronald Dworkin
Timeline Amartya Kumar Sen
Barry Brian Barry Communitarianism
Brian Barry
see egalitarian
social equality
Timeline Gerald Cohen