Road To WWII

Timeline created by alan.guardia
In History
  • Wall Street Crash

    Wall Street Crash
    Also known as the Great Crash, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929, was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash began a 10-year economic slump that affected all the Western industrialized countries.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    Mohandas Gandhi lead the non-violent Satyagraha movement in the Declaration of the Independence of India and the Salt March in March 1930.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century.
  • Japan attack Manchuria

    Japan attack Manchuria
    The Japanese invasion of Manchuria by the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan, beginning on September 19, 1931, immediately followed the Mukden Incident. The Japanese occupation of Manchuria lasted until the end of World War II.
  • Franklin Roosevelt elected President of the United States.

    Franklin Roosevelt elected President of the United States.
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945) was the 32nd President of the United States and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war. The only American president elected to more than two terms, he forged a durable coalition that realigned American politics for decades
  • Hitler was elected as chancellor

    Hitler was elected as chancellor
    On the night of January 30, 1933, the Nazis organized a massive torchlight parade in Berlin to celebrate the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor of Germany. Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring greet the participants in the parade as they pass beneath the window of Hitler's new office.
  • The German Reichstag burns.

    The German Reichstag burns.
    The Reichstag building, seat of the German government, burns after being set on fire by Nazis. This enabled Adolf Hitler to seize power under the pretext of protecting the nation from threats to its security.
  • Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.

    Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power.
    On March 23, 1933, the newly elected members of the German Parliament (the Reichstag) met in the Kroll Opera House in Berlin to consider passing Hitler's Enabling Act. It was officially called the 'Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich.' If passed, it would effectively mean the end of democracy in Germany and establish the legal dictatorship of Adolf Hitler.
  • Germany quits the League of Nations

    Germany quits the League of Nations
    The Nazi regime’s first measure in foreign policy was to pull out of the League of Nations on October 14, 1933. This step, meant to release Germany from international controls over its rearmament, marked a departure from the Weimar policy. As a result, Germany could no longer claim that it was pursuing the conciliatory policy that it had adopted in the 1920s. The idea of German disarmament gradually receded.
  • The Nazi "Night of the Long Knives."

    The Nazi "Night of the Long Knives."
    The Night of the Long Knives or "Operation Hummingbird", or, more commonly used in Germany "Röhm-Putsch" was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany between June 30 and July 2, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political executions. Most of those killed were members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary Brownshirts.
  • German President Hindenburg dies.

    German President Hindenburg dies.
    Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg , known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German field marshal, statesman, and politician, and served as the second President of Germany from 1925 to 1934.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.

    Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany.
    By the summer of 1934, the elderly German President, Paul von Hindenburg, lay close to death at his country estate in East Prussia. He had been in failing health for several months, thus giving Adolf Hitler and the Nazis ample opportunity to make plans to capitalize on his demise. Reich Chancellor Hitler planned to use President Hindenburg's death as an opportunity to seize total power in Germany by elevating himself to the position of Führer, or absolute leader, of the German nation.
  • The Stresa Front

    The Stresa Front
    Stresa Front was an agreement made in Stresa, a town on the banks of Lake Maggiore in Italy, between French foreign minister Pierre Laval, British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald, and Italian prime minister Benito Mussolini on April 14, 1935. Formally called the Final Declaration of the Stresa Conference, its aim was to reaffirm the Locarno Treaties and to declare that the independence of Austria "would continue to inspire their common policy".
  • Italy conquered Abyssinia

    Italy conquered Abyssinia
    Mussolini had imperial ambitions in Abyssinia. Italy was already in possession of neighbouring Eritrea and Somalia. In December 1934 there was a clash between Italian and Abyssinian troops at Walwal, near the border between British and Italian Somaliland, in which Italian troops took possession of the disputed territory and in which 150 Abyssinians and 50 Italians were killed. When Italy demanded apologies and compensation from Abyssinia, Abyssinia appealed to the League.
  • Hitler invade Rhineland

    Hitler invade Rhineland
    In a challenge to the Versailles Settlement, Hitler sent German troops into the demilitarised Rhineland. It was a gamble for Hitler and many of his advisers opposed it. German officers had orders to withdraw if they met French resistance, but there was none.
  • Spain in civil war

    Spain in civil war
    The Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) broke out with a military uprising in Morocco on July 17, triggered by events in Madrid. Within days, Spain was divided in two: a "Republican" or "Loyalist" Spain consisting of the Second Spanish Republic and a "Nationalist" Spain under the insurgent generals, and, eventually, under the leadership of General Francisco Franco.
  • Chamberlain's policy of appeasement

    Chamberlain's policy of appeasement
    Chamberlain pursued a policy of appeasement and rearmament. Chamberlain's reputation for appeasement rests in large measure on his negotiations with Hitler over Czechoslovakia in 1938.
  • Spain's head

    Spain's head
    Commonly known as Franco, was a Spanish military general and dictator, head of state of Spain from October 1936, and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November 1975.
  • Roosevelt broke neutrality towards Japan

    Roosevelt broke neutrality towards Japan
    After Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, the United States decides to get into war.
  • Italy and the League Of Nations, no more

    Italy and the League Of Nations, no more
    After the criticism Italy received for the war against Abyssinia and the involvement in the Spanish Civil War Mussolini decided to follow the example of Germany and leave the League of Nations .
  • Schuschnigg's plebiscite

    Schuschnigg's plebiscite
    To forestall Hitler and to preserve Austria's independence, Schuschnigg scheduled a plebiscite on the issue for 13 March.
  • Hitler's Ultimatum

    Hitler's Ultimatum
    On 11 March, Hitler sent an ultimatum to Schuschnigg, demanding that he hand over all power to the Austrian National Socialists or face an invasion.
  • The Anschuluss

    The Anschuluss
    On 12 March the 8th Army of the German Wehrmacht crossed the Austrian border. They met no resistance and were greeted by cheering Austrians. This invasion was the first major test of the Wehrmacht 's machinery. Austria became the province of Ostmark, with Seyss-Inquart as appointed governor.
  • The Munich Agreement

    The Munich Agreement
    It was an agreement permitting Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
  • Sudetenland invaded

    Sudetenland invaded
    The Sudetenland was the portion of Czechoslovakia inhabited by over 3 million Sudeten Germans. Many of them became Nazis and strongly supported the acquisition of the Sudetenland by Hitler.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Also called the Night of Broken Glass, it was a massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich.
  • Chamberlain's promise to Poland

    Chamberlain's promise to Poland
    Chamberlain assured the Poles that Britain would support them if their independence was threatened.
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    Soviet Russia' Foreign Minister Molotov signs the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact while German Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop and Soviet leader Josef Stalin look on, while standing under a portrait of Lenin – August 23, 1939.
  • Mutual assistance treaty

    Mutual assistance treaty
    Britan and Poland sign a treaty fn mutual assistance in case of military invasion by a European Power.
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    The invasion began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and ended 6 October 1939 with Germany and the Soviet Union dividing and annexing the whole of Poland.
  • All against Germany

    All against Germany
    Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany. France and Britain issued an ultimatum to Germany demanding the immediate withdrawal of the German forces from Poland. When Hitler accused Britain of encouraging the Poles to pursue a policy of provocation, Britain, France, India, Australia, and New Zealand declared war on Germany.
  • Period: to

    Road To WWII