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Canadian History 1920s & 1930s Timeline

Timeline created by evianxie in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Spanishflu1918ward small square Spanish Flu For more info click here Influenza known as the Spanish flu occurred after the end of the First World War; spring of 1918, at least 21 million people died worldwide, more people were killed than the fighting in the First World War. The flu first appeared in the British trenches, then the German forces. Few days later then the French troops; they believed that the disease was caused by the horrible conditions of the trench warfare.
Armisticio de la i guerra mundial small square THE END OF WORLD WAR 1 World War 1 came to end due to a treaty. The treaty was called "Treaty of Versialles" and it had to be signed the German's. On January 28,this treaty was signed at the Paris Peace Conference.
Winnipeg general strike small square Bloody Saturday For more details about this event click here Bloody Saturday took place in Winnipeg, Manitoba where it was an immense and dramatic general strike. Many people were frustrated by being unemployed, poor working conditions and regional difference after WW1. Both private and public joined forces to shut down reducing most services. The strike ended in “Bloody Saturday” result in the death of one person, 30 injured and many arrested.
Group of seven artists small square Group of Seven For more information and paintings click here The Group of Seven artists consist of 7 members; Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A.Y. Jackson, Franz Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J.E.H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. The Group of Seven was found in 1920 but they met in 1911-1913 in Toronto. The Group did not only paint landscape, they started after their first exhibition at the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1920. Tom Thomson was another artist but since he died in 1917 he never became a member of the Group.
4974384197 d353b1fe8d m small square Branch Plants Branch Plant is a system introduced by Americans, it involves American manufacturing and commercial firms that were located in Canada to avoid the import tariffs that was part of Nation’s Policy. Profits made by Canadian branch plants were usually attained by the U.S. Some Canadians felt that American capital from this system would develop Canadian industries, and transform Canada into a greater economic power. Yet others feared the economic takeover of Canada by the U.S.
Finnishprohibition small square Prohibition Prohibition was a law to forbid the selling and drinking of alcohol. Canadian government enforced it to reduce the public drunkenness, and domestic violence. Canadians, who made liquor for "non-drinking" purposes such as medical uses, sold it illegally to "dry" Americans – called rum-running. People sold their alcohol by bootlegging and smuggling Canadian into the US was called rum-running. Blind pigs are also a place where liquor could be bought illegally in Canada. Prohibition ended in 1933.
Jazz1 small square Jazz Age Jazz Age was a term that was often used to describe the 1920 culture of the United States. It is the blending of European and West African musical traditions; it originates among Black American artists in New Orleans in the 1800s. With the help of a radio, Jazz artist like Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith and Duke Ellington became famous and Jazz Age spilled all over into Canada. Although Jazz Age ended around 1926, its rhythms and harmony still continued to emerge in today’s music.
King william lyon mackenzie 7619 small square Prime Minister: William Lyon Mackenzie King William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal Party of Canada) is the longest serving Prime Minister in Canadian history having served three terms in office almost 22 years—from December 29, 1921,to November 14, 1948. Some key accomplishments of his terms include the creation of old age pensions in 1926, unemployment insurance in 1940,family allowances in 1944,first woman to the Senate in 1930 and his leadership of Canada through World War II from 1939 to 1945.
Chinese exclusion act small square Chinese Exclusion Act The Chinese Exclusion Act was an act passed by the Parliament of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada. Most of the other countries was controlled and restricted in some ways, but only the Chinese were completely prohibited from immigrating. In 1923-1947, only 8 Chinese people came to Canada. The act happened because of the completion railway, racism occurred and people were scared of that Chinese would take the people's original jobs.
Black tuesday journal28 small square Black Tuesday For more information click here Black Tuesday was when the New York Stock Exchange crashed; the crash that had caused thousands of people to lose their fortunes. Thousands of investors wiped out because they couldn’t sell a fraction of what they paid for. Banks began to demand payments for the loans that many used to buy stocks, many borrowers could not repay their loans. This caused banks to withdraw customer’s deposits for stocks. Values of stocks became so low that banks weren’t able to recover their depositor’s money.
Bennett small square Five- Cent Speech William Lyon Mackenzie King, made a speech called the “Five- Cent Speech” during the beginning of the Great Depression.It means that W.L.M King wouldn’t give even a nickel to someone that lost their job and people who are asking for relief payments.The speech was about the social welfare was the responsibility of the provinces.This was important because its one the main reasons why Liberals lost the elections and the Conservatives;Richard Bedford Bennett became the next Prime Minister of Canada.
225px richard bedford bennett small square Prime Minister: R.B. Bennett For more information click here Prime Minister: R.B. Bennett was a successful Canadian lawyer, businessman, and politician. He was born on July 3rd, 1870-June 26, 1947. R.B Bennett was also the 11th Prime Minister of Canada from August 7, 1930 to October 23, 1935 this was the worst of the Great Depression years. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1911 and became Conservative leader in 1927. After winning the federal election of 1930, Bennett tried to fight the depression by expanding trade within the British Empire.
Fdr 20fireside 20chat 20march 201933 small square First New Deal During the Great Depression the “New Deal” was Prime Minister R.B Bennett’s promise to more progressive taxation system, a maximum work week, a minimum wage, closer ruling of working conditions, unemployment insurance, health and accident insurance, revised old-age allowance, and agricultural support programs (Canadian Encyclopaedia). People who owned cars could no longer afford gas, so they used horses to drag the cars; this was called “Bennett Buggies”.
Squaredeal2 small square On to Ottawa Trek During the Great Depression Vancouver, BC Residents in the federal “unemployment relief camps” went on strike and moved to Ottawa by trains and trucks. They would hop into a train to Ottawa to get what they wanted. They wanted better first aid; medical care, medical insurance and having democracy. This event affects economically and socially.
Cbc1 small square CBC - Canadian Broadcasting Company For more details and info click here During 1933, the government created the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, which later became the CBC - Canadian Broadcasting Company in 1936. The business corporation was created to work against the American’s authority of the airwaves and to encourage the development of Canadian programs. Establishing the national unity across Canada, CBC took on a great force even today it is still as popular.
Index st louis small square SS. St. Louis SS St. Louis was a ship that set sail from Hamburg to Havana.On board were 937 Jewish refugees escape persecution from Nazi Germany.Each passenger carried a valid visa for temporary entry into Cuba.As the boat approached Havana,the Cuban government declared the visas invalid and refused entry of passengers causing them to go back to Europe.They were also at the coast of U.S/Canada and they didn’t let them in either,so countries like Belgium,Netherlands,Great Britain and France took some refuges.
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Interwar Years