The Monroe Doctrine is a foreign policy doctrine set forth by President Monroe that discouraged European intervention in the Western Hemisphere.
Trail of Tears
This was a forced march of the Cherokee Indians to move west of the Mississippi in the 1830s.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
This was a Supreme Court ruling stating that slaves were not citizens, Congress had no jurisdiction over slavery in the territories, and the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
This called for a ban on slavery in any territories gained for Mexico during the war. It was defeated in Senate.
California Gold Rush
The California Gold Rush was a mass migration to Calfornia after the discovery of gold in 1848.
She escaped slavery. She also lead the Underground Railroad saving more then 200 slaves, including her parents.
The underground railroad is a system that existed before the Civil War, in which black and white abolitionists helped slaves travel to safe areas, especially Canada.
Compromise of 1850
This was a political agreement that allowed California to be admitted as a free state by allowing popular sovereignty in the territories and enacting a stricter fugitive slave law.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This book strongly condemned slavery. It also helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War.
President Pierce signed a treaty with Mexico, buying 29, 640 square miles.The Americas bought this land to facilitate building a railroad across the continent. It is present day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico.
it was an 1854 law that divided the Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska giving each the right to decide whether or not to allow slavery.
"Honest Abe" v. "The Little Giant"
Lincoln challenged Senator Stephen Douglas to a series of debates. The both had opposing view on slavery.
John Brown's Raid (Harper's Ferry)
He and a small band of followers seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry hoping to inspire and arm local slaves for an uprising, but none would join him. Colonel Lee took back the arsenal.
He was the 16th president. He opposed slavery.
Attack on Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter was a federal fort located in Charleston, South Carolina, where the first shots of the Civil War were fired.
Battle of Bull Run
Two major Civil War battles took place at Bull Run, a creek in Virginia. Both were Confederate victories.
Battle of Antietam
This was the first major battle on North soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with about 23,000 casualties. It was a Union victory.
A decree by President Lincoln that freed enslaved people living in Confederate states still in rebellion.
Battle of Gettysburg
A battle in which Confederate troops were prevented from invading the North and which resulted in more than 50,000 casualties.
This was a speech by President Lincoln in which he dedicated a national cemetery at Gettysburg and reaffirmed the ideas for which the Union was fighting.
The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude.
He became president after President Lincoln was assassinated. He was in office when the Thirteenth Amendment was passed. He was the first president to be impeached.
Ku Klux Klan
This was an organization that promoted hatred and discrimination against specific ethnic and religious groups. During the Civil WAr and Reconstruction they mainly targeted African Americans.
This was a constitutional amendment in which defined citizenship and guaranteed citizens equal protection under the law.
This was a constitutional amendment in which guaranteed voting rights regardless of race or previous condition of servitude.