The First Crusade was the Christians attempt to win back Jerusalem after it was taken from them by the Muslims. The fight against the muslims became a Holy War. On November 27, 1095 AD Pope Urban II made a speech calling the Christian princes in Europe to go on a crusade to rescue the Holy Land from the Muslims. Although the Christians were not able take back Jerusalem from the Muslims, many other crusades were fought to bring down the Muslims.
The Cold War
The Cold started in 1945 and went until 1991. After World War 2 theres was still a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, and economic competition between the USSR and the United States. The Cold War The Cold War featured the Berlin Blockade, the Korean War , the Berlin Crisis of 1961, the Vietnam War , the Cuban Missile Crisis , the Soviet war in Afghanistan, and more. In 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed leaving the Unied States as the dominant military power.
Arab Israeli War
This was the first of a series of wars fought between Isreal and its neighboring arabs, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. After the Arab rejection of the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the five Arab states invaded the territory of the former British Mandate of Palestine. The Arabs attacked Isreal, trying to fight on mostly on the former territory of the British Mandate. The war ended with the 1949 Armistice Agreements, but this wasnt the end of the Arab-Israeli conflict
Six Day War
This war was between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The Arab states of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria contributed troops and fire arms. On June 5, 1967, Israel attacked Egypt hoping to gain control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. The successfully won.
1973 Oil Crisis
In October 1973 the members of OAPEC proclaimed an oil embargo against the U.S. because the U.S. resupplied the Israeli military during the Yom Kippur war. The oil embargo lasted until March 1974 when OAPEC declared that it would limit or stop oil shipments to the United States and other countries if they supported Israel.
Iranian Hostage Crisis
On November 4, 1979 53 Americans were held hostage for 444 days by Iran. They were set free on January 20, 1981 minutes after the new U.S. President, Ronald Reagan, was sworn in. The crisis was kind of a slap in the face to the U.S. from Iran. The hostage crisis played a part to the lead up of the Iraq invasion of Iran. The US's anger toward Iran led to the US supplying Iraq with helicopters and types of satellites used for targerting bombs.
The Soviet-Afghan War was a nine year war involving the Soviets and Mujahideen. Mujahideen was trying to overthrow Afghanistan's Marxist Democratic Party of Afghanistan government but the Soviets supported the government. The initial Soviet deployment of the 40th Army in Afghanistan began on December 25, 1979. The final troop withdrawal began on May 15, 1988, and ended on February 15, 1989. The Soviet Union ending up losing. Anbig part of that was the amount of people who were died during war.
The First Intifada
The First Intifada was a Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian Territories. This uprising began in the Jabalia refugee camp and spread throught Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The Palestinians were trying to take back West Bank and Gaza strip from Israel. Over the course of the first intifada, an estimated 1,100 Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces and only 164 Israelis were killed by Palestinians.
Iran Air Flight 655 Tragedy
On July 3, 1988 the U.S. Navy launched missile cruiser, USS Vincennes, to shoot down an Iranian Airbus A300B2 over the Strait of Hormuz. This killed 290 civilians from six nations, including 66 children. There is lots of controversy over this inncodent. The United States said that flight 655 was a warplane and that it was outside the civilian air corridor and did not respond to radio calls. But Iraq believes what the U.S. said is untrue and believes the shoot down was an intentionally performed.
9-11 Terrorist Attacks
The terrorist group Al-qaeda attacked The Wrold Trade Center in New York and The Pentagon in Washington on September 11, 2001. There was 19 hijackers, na majority from Saudi Arabia. The founder of the terrorist group, Al-qaede, was Osama bin Laden. Osama bin Laden has not yet been found.
US Invaded Iraq
In March 2003 the troops of the US and the UK invaded Iraq because Iraq allegedly held weapons of mass distruction (WMDs) and that possed as a threat to the US and the UK's security and their regional allies. Another reason for the invasion was that Iraq financially supported families of Palestinian suicide bombers, Iraqi government human rights abuses, and an effort to spread democracy to the country. The US captured Sadam Hussein who was executed for the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites.
The Gulf War
Much tension left over from the Cold War between the United States and Iraq which lead up to the support that The United States gave Kuwait in The Gulf War. During The Gulf War Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait. Because the U.S. had alot of support for Kuwait, president Geroge H. W. Bush deployed American toops to Saudi Arabia and urged other countries to do the same. Many nations including the U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Egypt made a coalition called the Coalition Of The Gulf War. They won.