History of Cinema Sound

Timeline created by nruyle
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
1876 bell speaking into telephone Electro-magnetic transmitter/ receiver (telephone) invented An early version of the telephone was invented around 1860 by Antonio Meucci who called it teletrofono (telectrophone). Wiki
Phonautograph cent2 Mechanical Sound Recording The phonautograph was the earliest known invention of a sound inscription device. Wiki
Theatrophone   clement ader 1881 Stereo Sound Clement Ader, using carbon microphones and armature headphones, accidentally produces a stereo effect when listeners outside the hall monitor adjacent telephone lines linked to stage mikes at the Paris Opera. Wiki
800px gramophone record decelith ii Flat-disk Gramophone Emile Berliner is granted a patent on a flat-disc gramophone, making the production of multiple copies practical. Wiki
Kinetophonebis1 Sync Sound/ Kinetophone The first "talking movie" is demonstrated by Edison using his Kinetophone process, a cylinder player mechanically synchronized to a film projector. Wiki
200px dicksonfilm still Dickson Experimental Sound Film The Dickson Experimental Sound Film is a film made by William Dickson in late 1894 or early 1895. It is the first known film with live-recorded sound and appears to be the first example of a motion picture made for the Kinetophone, the proto-sound-film system developed by Dickson and Thomas Edison. Wiki
371px us patent 661 619   magnetic recorder Magnetic Recording invented/ Telegraphone The magnetic recording was demonstrated in principle as early as 1898 by Valdemar Poulsen in his Telegraphone. Magnetic wire recording, and its successor, magnetic tape recording, involve the use of a magnetizable medium which moves past a recording head. Wiki
250px triode tube 1906 Audion tube Originally, the Audion triode was used to detect and amplify signals in early radios, but its sensitivity and versatility made it a critical component in amplifiers for voice and music. Wiki
394px oktava319 internal Condenser Microphone of Bell Telephone Laboratories publishes a paper in Physical Review describing a "uniformly sensitive instrument for the absolute measurement of sound intensity" -- the condenser microphone. Wiki
Vc55 Phonofilm In 1919, Lee De Forest, inventor of the audion tube, filed his first patent on a sound-on-film process, DeForest Phonofilm, which recorded sound directly onto film as parallel lines. These parallel lines photographically recorded electrical waveforms from a microphone, which were translated back into sound waves when the movie was projected. Wiki
Vitaphone Don Juan / Vitaphone Don Juan (1926) is a Warner Brothers film, directed by Alan Crosland. It was the first feature-length film with synchronized Vitaphone sound effects and musical soundtrack, though it has no spoken dialogue. The production, which premiered in New York City on August 6, 1926, stars John Barrymore as the hand-kissing womanizer (the number of kisses in the film set a record). Wiki
473px lindberghstlouis Movietone News Movietone News known in the U.S. as Fox Movietone News, produced cinema, sound newsreels from 1928-1963 in the U.S. and from 1929-1979 in the UK (for much of that time as British Movietone News). Wiki
200px thejazzsinger The Jazz Singer The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film. The first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences, its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era. Produced by Warner Bros. with its Vitaphone sound-on-disc system, the movie stars Al Jolson, who performs six songs. Directed by Alan Crosland, it is based on a play by Samson Raphaelson. Wiki
Oscar Academy Award for Sound added Wiki
390 18a Stereo Recording Several stereophonic test recordings, using two microphones connected to two styli cutting two separate grooves on the same wax disc, were made with Leopold Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra at Philadelphia's Academy of Music in March 1932. Wiki
Xlg solid music 0 First Surround Sound modernmechanix.com
Magnetophon k1 gross Magnetophon- First Tape Recorder Magnetophon was the brand or model name of the pioneering reel-to-reel tape recorder developed by engineers of the German electronics company AEG in the 1930s, based on the magnetic tape invention by Fritz Pfleumer. AEG created the world's first practical tape recorder, the K1, first demonstrated in Germany in 1935. Wiki
Shure 1 Directional Microphones Benjamin B. Bauer of Shure Bros. engineers a single microphone element to produce a cardioid pickup pattern, called the Unidyne, Model 55. This later becomes the basis for the well known SM57 and SM58 microphones. Wiki
Lect3 8 Electrification completed in US Wiki
Fantasia poster 1940 Fantasound Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by sound engineer William E. Garity and sound mixer John N.A. Hawkins for the Walt Disney studio in 1938-1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. It led to the development of what is today known as surround sound. Wiki
692px ampex recorder internals Multi-track recorder/ player for music and film Wiki
Emt140 plate Electromechanical Reverb EMT (Germany) introduces the electromechanical reverberation plate. Wiki
1958 nagra iii.web NAGRA III Stefan Kudelski introduces the Nagra III battery-operated transistorized field tape recorder, which with its "Neo-Pilot" sync system becomes the de facto standard of the film industry. Wiki
Rupert5088square.nail Mixing Console Rupert Neve is credited with creating the modern mixing console. Wiki
Oscar Academy Award for Best Sound Editing added Wiki
300px dolby logo.svg Ray Dolby starts Dolby Laboratories Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (Dolby Labs) (NYSE: DLB) is a USA-based company specializing in audio noise reduction and audio encoding/compression. Wiki
Subotnick buchla 100 Electronic Music Recording Morton Subotnick's Silver Apples of the Moon, the first electronic music recording, is released. Wiki
Mv5bmjkxotiznzaym15bml5banbnxkftztcwnjayntyxmq  . v1. sx96 sy140 Callan The first Dolby encoded mono soundtrack. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0071270/
Prologic Dolby Pro Logic Dolby Pro Logic is a surround sound processing technology designed to decode soundtracks encoded with Dolby Surround. Dolby Surround Stereo was originally developed by Dolby Laboratories in 1976 for analog cinema sound systems. Wiki
Soundstream logo Digital Recording In 1976, Soundstream made the first live digital recording of an orchestra using its prototype two-channel recorder. Wiki
Apple i Apple Computer Wiki
779px vhs cassette bottom VHS The Video Home System[1], better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard developed by Victor Company of Japan, Limited (JVC) and launched in September 1976 Wiki
204px laserdisc.svg Laserdisk The Laserdisc (LD) is an obsolete home video disk format, and was the first commercial optical disc storage medium. Initially marketed as Discovision in 1978, the technology was licensed and sold as Reflective Optical Videodisc, Laser Videodisc, Laservision, Disco-Vision, DiscoVision, and MCA DiscoVision until Pioneer Electronics purchased the majority stake in the format and marketed LaserDisc in the mid to late 1980s. Wiki
Thx THX THX is a trade name of a high-fidelity sound reproduction standard for movie theaters, screening rooms, home theaters, computer speakers, gaming consoles, and car audio systems. THX stands for Tomlinson Holman's eXperiment. THX was developed by Tomlinson Holman at George Lucas's company Lucasfilm in 1983 to ensure that the soundtrack for the third Star Wars film, Return of the Jedi, would be accurately reproduced. Wiki
720px dat cartridge Digital Audio Tape Wiki
Soundtools Digidesign Soundtools Digidesign launches the first digital audio workstation system, Sound Tools, for the Apple Macintosh. The company refers to it as "the first tapeless recording studio". Wiki
800px protools73 Digidesign Pro Tools Digidesign releases the first Pro Tools multitrack system, marking a significant advance in digital audio. This integrated software and hardware system (digital audio workstation) is among the most popular for audio production for television, music, and film.
621px dvd Dvd The DVD specification finalized for the DVD movie player and DVD-ROM computer applications in December 1995. Wiki