History of Overtown (Miami)

Timeline created by tech77jp
  • City of Miami incorporated

    The Florida East Coast Railway extends into the South Florida area. The City of Miami is officially incorporated, while black railroad workers are segregated and put to live in a northwest section of Miami designated "Colored Town".
  • Lyric Theater

    Geder Walker, a black real estate investor, builds the Lyric Theater on the corner of NW 8th St. and NW 2nd Ave. The theater was in the middle of Overtown's art and entertainment district and contributed to the community's cultural influence.
  • Washington High School

    Booker T. Washington High School is opened to serve the African-American population in South Florida.
  • Highway Act, Overtown

    City officials opt to build two highways through Overtown and the city of Miami as per the newly enacted Federal Aid Highway Act legislation. The plan is carried out by the Department of Transportation.
  • Overtown pop. 33,000

    Overtown reaches a peak population of approximately 33,000.
  • Scandal and Riots

    Three days of rioting ensue after a Hispanic police officer fatally shoots a Neville Johnson, a black man, in an arcade.
  • Miami Metrorail

    Metrorail service commences after three-and-a-half years of construction, linking Overtown to Pinecrest.
  • Youth Center opens

    Funded by Alonzo Mourning Charities, Inc., Overtown Youth Center opens to the community.
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    Liberty City

    Liberty City, named for the Liberty Square Housing Project built for low-income African-Americans in the late 1930s, is established.
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    Interstates built

    Two interstate highways are built, transversing the city east-west (Interstate 395) and north-south (Interstate 95).
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    Urban Renewal

    Urban Renewal Program instituted, resulting in the demolition of many older homes in Overtown.