African American Authors

Timeline created by africanamericanlit
  • Jupiter Hammon

    Jupiter Hammon
    Jupiter Hammon was born into slavery on Long Island, New York.
  • Birth of Venture Smith

    Birth of Venture Smith
    Venture Smith, originally named Broteer Furro, was born somewhere in West Africa to a prince who had several wifes.
  • Birth of Phillis Wheatly

    Birth of Phillis Wheatly
    Phillis Weatly is born in West African. However, her exact birth date is not known.
  • Briton Hammon is Published

    Briton Hammon is Published
    Briton Hammon publishes The Narrative of the Uncommon Sufferings and Surprizing Deliverance of Briton Hammon, a Negro Man in Boston. It is one of the oldest known African American autobiographies.
  • An Evening Thought- Jupiter Hammon

    An Evening Thought- Jupiter Hammon
    Jupiter Hammon's poem "An Evening Thought. Salvation by Christ with Penitential Cries" is published and he becomes the first known published African American writer in America.
  • Venture Smith is Free!

    Venture Smith is Free!
    Venture Smith is finally able to buy his own freedom for seventy-one pounds and two shillings.
  • Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral

    Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral
    Phillis Wheatly publishes Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral in London.
  • Phillis Wheatly Dies

    Phillis Wheatly Dies
    Phillis Wheatly dies from child birth complications at the age of 31.
  • Birth of David Walker

    Birth of David Walker
    David Walker was born a free man in Wilmington, North Carolina to an enslaved father and free mother.
  • George Horton is Born

    George Horton is Born
    George Moses Horton is born into slvery on a tabacco farm in Chatham County, North Carolina.
  • Maria Stewart Born

    Maria Stewart Born
    Maria Stewart is born in Hartford, Connecticut.
  • Venture Smith Dies

    Venture Smith Dies
    Venture Smith dies in Haddam Neck, Connecticut on his own farm.
  • Jupiter Hammon's Death

    Jupiter Hammon's Death
    Although the exact date of Jupuer Hammon's death is unknown, it is known that he died before 1806
  • Martin R. Delany Born

    Martin R. Delany Born
    Martin R. Delany is born to a free mother and enslaved father in Charles Town, West Virginia. Because his mother is free he is bor free. However, when he was young, people tried to enslave him, his mother, and his sister. Thankfully, his mother was able to fight for their freedom though.
  • Frances E. W. Harper is Born

    Frances E. W. Harper is Born
    Frances E. W. Harper is born in Baltimore, Maryland to free parents. However, her mother dies when she is three years old and she was then raised by her aunt and uncle.
  • George Horton is Published

    George Horton is Published
    Horton's first collection of poetry, The Hope of Liberty, is published.
  • Robert A. Young Publishes Ethiopian Manifesto

    Robert A. Young Publishes Ethiopian Manifesto
  • Appeal To the Coloured Citizens of the World

    Appeal To the Coloured Citizens of the World
    David Walker's Appeal To the Coloured Citizens of the World was published by a Boston printer. A price was put on his head by southern slave owners.
  • David Walker's Death

    David Walker's Death
    David Walker dies in Charlestown, MA a few months before his yongest son was born.
  • Frances Harper Publishes

    Frances Harper Publishes
    Harper's second book Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects is published. Her first book, Forest Leaves, was published in 1845 but has been lost.
  • Martin Delany Travels to Liberia and London

    Martin Delany Travels to Liberia and London
    Martin Delany travels to Liberia in order to start a new black nation. However his plans never worked out. After leaving Liberia, he went to London and as honored by the International Statistical Congress.
  • Maria Stewart Dies

    Maria Stewart Dies
    Maria Stewart dies in Washington DC.
  • George Horton Dies

    George Horton Dies
    Horton dies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he moved to after the Civil War.
  • Martin R. Delany Dies

    Martin R. Delany Dies
    Martin R. Delany dies of tuberculosis in Charleston.
  • Frances Harper Dies

    Frances Harper Dies
    Frances Harper Dies