Development of Modern Political Thought

Timeline created by szaleski
In History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Augustus headshot
Jan 1st, 1000
509 B.C. Founding of the Roman Republic This system of government was based on a written code of laws. The Roman republic included elected officials to govern, checks on power, and the veto.
Jan 1st, 1002
460-429 B.C. Age of Pericles Athenians ruled their city-state through direct democracy.
Plato raphael
Jan 1st, 1003
360 B.C. Plato published the Republic Plato's Republic advocates that the state should control all aspects of citizens' lives.
Aristotle head
Jan 1st, 1004
322 B.C. Aristotle completes Politics In Politics, Aristotle argues for the idea of RULE OF LAW.
Magna carta
Jan 1st, 1215
Magna Carta is adopted Great Britain adopts the Magna Carta, which is significant because it protected citizens' rights and established rule of law.
John locke John Locke Locke proposed the idea that all men have natural rights (life, liberty, property), government should protect those rights, and the people have the right to revolt if the government should fail to protect those natural rights. Most famous work: Two Treatises on Government.
Charles montesquieu Charles-Louis Montesquieu, Baron Montesquieu argued for the principle of separation of powers of government. This is to ensure that no person or group would become too powerful or abusive.
English bill of rights of 1689  middle English Bill of Rights Creates specific enumerated rights for British subjects, including the right to petition the government and the right to bear arms.
Jean jacques rousseau  painted portrait Jean-Jacques Rousseau Rousseau perfected the concept of the social contract. This means submission to the authority of the general will of the people as a whole guarantees individuals against being subordinated to the wills of others and also ensures that they obey themselves because they are, collectively, the authors of the law.
Thomas jefferson picture Thomas Jefferson Jefferson was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He was a strong advocate of republican government.
James madison James Madison Madison is widely considered the "Father of the Constitution." He believed strongly in checks and balances to protect individual rights and protect against abuse of power.
800px joinordie American Revolution, 1775-1783
Declaration of independence trumbull Declaration of Independence
Simon bolivar Simon Bolivar Known as "The Liberator" who led much of South America to independence from Spain, Bolivar promulgated an authortarian-style central government.
495px constitution pg1of4 ac US Constitution is ratified The US Constitution will be serve as a sort of blueprint for other nations.
Prise de la bastille French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789-1815
French declaration of rights French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Bill of rights 01 US Bill of Rights
Congress of vienna Congress of Vienna, 1815
Horace vernet barricade rue soufflot Revolutions of 1848