Development of Modern Political Thought

Timeline created by szaleski
In History
  • Jan 1st, 1000

    509 B.C. Founding of the Roman Republic

     509 B.C. Founding of the Roman Republic
    This system of government was based on a written code of laws. The Roman republic included elected officials to govern, checks on power, and the veto.
  • Jan 1st, 1002

    460-429 B.C. Age of Pericles

    460-429 B.C. Age of Pericles
    Athenians ruled their city-state through direct democracy.
  • Jan 1st, 1003

    360 B.C. Plato published the Republic

    360 B.C. Plato published the Republic
    Plato's Republic advocates that the state should control all aspects of citizens' lives.
  • Jan 1st, 1004

    322 B.C. Aristotle completes Politics

    322 B.C. Aristotle completes Politics
    In Politics, Aristotle argues for the idea of RULE OF LAW.
  • Jan 1st, 1215

    Magna Carta is adopted

    Magna Carta is adopted
    Great Britain adopts the Magna Carta, which is significant because it protected citizens' rights and established rule of law.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    Locke proposed the idea that all men have natural rights (life, liberty, property), government should protect those rights, and the people have the right to revolt if the government should fail to protect those natural rights. Most famous work: Two Treatises on Government.
  • Charles-Louis Montesquieu, Baron

    Charles-Louis Montesquieu, Baron
    Montesquieu argued for the principle of separation of powers of government. This is to ensure that no person or group would become too powerful or abusive.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Creates specific enumerated rights for British subjects, including the right to petition the government and the right to bear arms.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Rousseau perfected the concept of the social contract. This means submission to the authority of the general will of the people as a whole guarantees individuals against being subordinated to the wills of others and also ensures that they obey themselves because they are, collectively, the authors of the law.
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson
    Jefferson was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He was a strong advocate of republican government.
  • James Madison

    James Madison
    Madison is widely considered the "Father of the Constitution." He believed strongly in checks and balances to protect individual rights and protect against abuse of power.
  • American Revolution, 1775-1783

    American Revolution, 1775-1783
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
  • Simon Bolivar

    Simon Bolivar
    Known as "The Liberator" who led much of South America to independence from Spain, Bolivar promulgated an authortarian-style central government.
  • US Constitution is ratified

    US Constitution is ratified
    The US Constitution will be serve as a sort of blueprint for other nations.
  • French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789-1815

    French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789-1815
  • French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

    French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
  • US Bill of Rights

    US Bill of Rights
  • Congress of Vienna, 1815

    Congress of Vienna, 1815
  • Revolutions of 1848

    Revolutions of 1848