Changes in Farms
As the decae pocedding farms, increased in size but the numbers of small farms decreased, a negative correlation.
irst engine powered Tractor. Business Philsophy- - 1900-1950's-Social Darwinism: Individuals pursuing their own slefish interests and in the meantime are also promoting the common good by increasing the agriculutral supplies. 1900-1950
Progressive Education Instruction is based upon a scientific method. The person senses a problem, formulates a hypothesis, test hypothesis and draws a conclusion. 1900-1930's.
Work - Labor unions Forming
Carm Wife MemoriesWomen are left at home to do manual labor and to be housewives. Very few positions exist except as salepeople, nurses, clerical and domestic servants. Work is primarily agricultural with some industrial.
Economics - Gold Standard of 1900
Early Banking Gold Standard was instituted and banks provide insurance.
Economics - Women as Clerks
Early Typewriters Women with the advent of the typewriter where starting to be employed outside of the house in government jobs.
Society - Women and Employment
Women and SuffrageSuffrragettes still had little impact on the role of women in the workplace, as women were still employed for the most part as servants.
Society - Henry Dunant
Henry Dunant Biography First Nobel Peace Prize issuied to Henry Dunant. It was an era of inventions and the first World War 1
American Culutral History 1910's Mass Production brings a greater ease and profitability as factories employ the moving assembly line. Work is turning from agriculutral to industrial. 1910-1920's
Education - Montessori Method
Montessori Method Montessori devised a method of teaching so that the teacher did not dominant the student and the student was free to learn at that own progress.
Work - Advertising
1900's TimelinesMillions are spent on advertising and public realtions to attract customers. Mass production and growth in retail industry exist in this decade.
Economics - Rural/Urban
1910'sThe country was split with rural and urban; but conditions in the urban area were not fantatic with overcrowding and overworked factory workers. Unions were starting to grow but unsafe working conditions existed as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory.Progressive Movement developed to incorporate fair labor laws and imporve factory conditions.
Society - Sinking of the Titanic
One of the worst naval tragedies ever to strike the world
Early X-RayOrignially called the Collidge tube , this combined with inventions from Roentgen tand were the predecessors of our current x_ray machines and forerunners of Radiology
Society - World War I
WW I First troops arrive in France. The Progressive movement in society and economics generated a feeling in the nation that we were the protectors of humanity and other countries.
Education -Kilpatrick Project
Short BioKilpatrcik was the Popularizer of John Dewey's theories.
Economics - Prohibition
BootleggingVolstead Act or National Prohibition Act of 1919, the 18th Amendment, was enacted making bootlegging very popular.
Economics - Consumerism is Born
Flappers After World War I and the invention of the moving assembly line, prosperity boomed. Easy payments on merchandise and housing allowed the consumer to buy on credit.
Work - Factory Work
Child LaborFactories with high wages have enticed the American worker into the urban areas. It is the first time In America that more people are employed out of the agricultural field. Mudracking investigates child labor at factories.
Work - Cycle of Prosperity
Politics and the 1920'sMass Production lead to factories. Factories lead to cheaper consumer goods. Cheaper goods lead to more demand. Higher wages were generated as the factory worker worked harder to manufacture goods. This cycle lasted until the 1929's.
Education - Development of National Academy of Visual Instruction(NEA)
Fads, Prohibtion and BootLegging It was an era in which the purtain age collided with the fads and drinking. Prohibition was pasted but it created a balck market for bootlegging. Fads and slang abounded.
Society - Wall Street and Credit
Easy CreditAmericans see the rise of Wall Street and borrowing moeny to live.
Black ThursdayEasy credit allowed people to invest in the stock market until massive liquidation or short selling drove the market to its knees, bankrupting the nation.
Society - Dust Bowl - Rising costs fo Food
Dust Bowl1930 -1931 With the Dust bowl, a new era of soil conservation was issued in.
Advance - Whittle - Jet engine
Jet Engine TechnologyPublished his works and his works were later used by the Nazis ot build the first engine
Work - Smoot-Hawley Tariiff Act
Summary of Tariff ActThe tariff act was designed to help farmers by increasing import taxes on agricultural goods but it had a reverse effect. International trade hit its lowest levels as foreign countries also raised their import taxes. American factories therefore saw little benefit from it and it worsened the effects of the Great Depression.
Work - Depression
Statistics on UnemploymentAfter the stock market crash of 1929, businesses and foreclosures loomed which created scarcity of work. America became a nation of hobos moving from one area to another to gain employment. My father travelled from one state to another employed as a harvestor, well digger, mason, carpenter, electrican, farm hand, cattle driver, bronco tamer, bull rider, lumber jack and truck driver. Anything to eat!
Education - Merger of Visual Instruction Organizations
Major TrendsMerger of National Academy of Visual Instruction, Visual Instruction of Association of America and the National Academy of Visual instruction.
Society - Survivalism
Changing RolesGreat Depression left millions unemployed and homeless. The key event was to survive. Caravans trekked the United States looking for work and moving to California in the hopes that employment might be found.
Education - Bartlett
MemoryBatrelett devised the constructivist approach in which memory was an active construction process.
Economics - Great Depression
1930-s EconomicsThe Great Depression was in full swing and Franklin D. Roosevelt took office in 1933. He started several government projects to stem the depression such as Works Progress Administration and the Tennesse Valler Authority to increase employment.
Economics -Goverment Programs
WPAFranklin Roosevelt institues WPA(Works Progress Amdinistration) in th hopes of putting millions of unemployed people to work.
Education - Sloan Foundation
Sloan Foundation The Sloan Foundation was founded by Albert P. Sloan to fund educational and science related fileds. This foundation was later credited for funding reserach in cognitive science.
Advance - Robert Watson-Wells - Radar
InventionsFIrst Radar Implemented by British from a scientist, Sir Robert Watson-Watts, It was later implemented into detecting any airplanes flying over the English channel for the radar detecting and ranging program, Radar, in 1940
Work - Central Control 1939-1955
Organizing the Work ForceOne Boss with workers reporting to one central management person. 1939-1955. Nicknamed Silo.Unions are being developled.
World War II JeepThe joke around the plant was that the engineers started with a horn button and designed a car around it. Actually Probst started with a Bantam roadster frame and fitted it with heavy-duty components from independent suppliers
Society -Food Rationing
Food RationingFood Rationing occurred to send the greater amount to the tropps overseas.
Work - Industrial - Wars 1941 - 1955
Women at Work1939- 1955 War Time prodcution during World War II and the Korean War
Business Philsophy- Ehtical Relatvisim - Not centerd around the individual interest's but to serve the group or society win the wars. Women take to the factories.
Society - Women at Work
Women at Work during the WarAs men departed for World War II, women headed for the factories and were employed at vast numbers. The feeling was of nationalism in an effort to win the war. Fear was the prevalent social event, fear of losing a loved one or even the war.
Economics - War Time
Women at WorkMillions were employed in the making of military equipment such as bombs, airplanes, ships, guns, uinifroms and other military necessities. The economy struggled, with fodd rations, even though employment rose as Rosie the Riveter went to work.
Economics - Food/Fuel Rations
RationsAfter Pearl Harbor After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, men were drafted and called to service as the United States entered World War II. Rationing for the war became a major economic hardship.
Society - From Swords to Frisbees to The Red Scare
Affluence World War II had ended and the income of families increased. It was a time of affluence, child rearing(later this generation would be coined the Baby Boomers) and house building. It was also a period of the Cold War in which the United States would increase defense military spending to combat the spread of Communism.
Economics - Inflation
1950's It was after the World War II and at the beginning of the Korean War and inflation was spiralling.
Work - Pressure on Women
Rosie - No Longer Needed After World War II, Rosie the Riveter or women were pressured to give up their factory jobs and return to housewives. This would allow the men to occupy their jobs at the factories.
Economics of the 1950's
Middle class was blooming and take home pays increased dramtically. It was a time of consumerism and collecting items. Increased inflation due to the start of the Korean War and the ending of WW II and an inbalance of trade.
Education -Visual Instruction Decline
AV Instruction StartingVisual insturction delcines and gives rise to instructional media with different communication modes.
Congressional MeetingsActors, teachers, writers and artists are put on national TV to boradcast the routing of Communists in the United States. This brought a national fear of job loss and communism, besides devasting tolls on those that were subpeonaed.
Short History of Johnson Johnson pushed for a war against poverty and instiuted Medicare for workers. He also phased in car safety laws. His economics were to install a war against poverty by looking at the root causes. He tried to lessen poor education and discrimination.
Work - Great Society
Johnson's AccomplishmentsAfter Kennedy was assasinated and Johnson was elected, Johnson was able to raise support for the Equal Opportunity Act of 1964 and Headstart. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provided protection for job discrminitation based on sex, color, religion or age.
Work - Flex Time Invented
Flextime PowerPoint Flex time invented so that workers could stagger starting and ending time periods at their convenience. Comes from the word -
Gleitzeit for sliding.
Matrix DefintionMatrix Explanation Matrix or many bosses in which project management is involved. A worker has one boss but works under a management leader to fulfill for a shor time project or group work.
Dolalr and Gold StandardCurrency Model Nixon destroys Bretton Woods currency model, which sparked a deflation of the dollar and confidence in its value. Twenty billion dollars fled to foreign countries. Dollar is no longer converted to the gold standard,Nixon imposes 90 day wage freeze.
Economics - Stagflation
Continuing inflation but the business activities are stagnant. The Federal Reserve refuses to supply money and interest rates start to soar.
Education - Limitations on Artifical Inteliigence
Response to Dreyfus's book In 1972, Dreyfus set the cognitive science field on fire by proposing that inhuman machines, computers, could not duplicate the human mind.
Work at Home
Work at home rather than at a central office is emerging
Society - Genetic Engineering of Food
FLAVR SAVR - First Trademarked Genetic Engineered TomatoBy the late 1990.s , most crops were genetically engineered to resist mold, insects and disease. Due to the rise in population, crops need to mature and be resistant to spoilage. Society has decreased agricultural lands, in favor of housing.
Economics - Trade with China
Trade barriers The Clinton administration enjoyed the best economic times in 3 decades as they tried to impove trade with China
Work - Dot-com Era
History of Dot-com Business are working on their companies' web pages. It is an era of selling online or B2C(Business to Customer)
S&P Decline Stock Market declines, rising oil prices and economic policies cause millions of dollars lost in stocks, 401K's and housing values. Unprecedented unemployment and credit debit beyond the Great Depression.
Society - Recession or Depression
Age of New Energy Sources
Spiraling oil proces and foreclosures in the 2008's have driven a need for alternative energy sources.