2017 Noah Lee Dalat World History

Timeline created by nmlee
In History
  • 7,000 BCE

    Mesopotamia-Mesopotamians create a way to control the flow of water.

    Mesopotamians had a problem controlling the flow of the water; so they figured out a way to control the flow of the river which is called irrigation.
  • 5,000 BCE

    Mesopotamia-People get food surplus due to irrigation.

    After Mesopotamians created irrigation food started to grow a lot easier. Due to irrigation, food surplus occurred in Mesopotamia; and because of food surplus people were free to do other things other than just working on the fields. That is called division of labor.
  • 3,300 BCE

    Sumer-The First System of Writing

    Sumerians invented one of the greatest inventions in history, and it is called the cuneiform; a writing that was written by wooden reeds on clay tablets.
  • 3,300 BCE

    Egypt-Egyptians make papyrus.

    The early writings of Egypt were carved in to stone or any hard material. Later, Egyptians made papyrus by pressing layers of reds together. Papyrus were tough and durable, but the good thing about them was that they could still be easily rolled into scrolls.
  • 3,100 BCE

    Egypt-Menes unified Lower and Upper Egypt.

    Menes wanted to continue what the old king Scorpion had started. He invaded and took control of Lower Egypt. He then unified the two kingdoms. As the ruler of Egypt he combined the white crown and the red crown and wore it.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Southern Mesopotamia-Sumerians create world's first civilization.

    People known as Sumerians settled in Southern Mesopotamia. Several hundreds of people moved into a land and called it Sumer. They created an advanced society and the first civilization.
  • 2,200 BCE

    Egypt-Egyptians started to build pyramids.

    Egyptians believed that burial sites, and especially royal tombs were really important. In result, they built spectacular tombs and the most spectacular of them all was the pyramid. A pyramid is huge stone tomb with four triangular walls with a point at the top.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1, China, Yu the great, founded the Xia dynasty

    According to old Chinese stories, a series of different kings ruled early China. One of the kings called Yu the great, is said to have found the Xia dynasty around 2200 BC. According to the writings, Yu dug channels to drain the water to the ocean. It's also said that he was the one who created the major waterways of north China. Archaeologist say that they are still not perfectly sure if the tales of Yu are true. The rulers of the Xia dynasty were however very helpful to ancient China.
  • 2,000 BCE

    India-Aryans arrive in India.

    Soon after the Harrapan civilization crumbled the Aryans arrived in India. The Aryans were originally from the are around the Caspian Sea in Central Asia. Archaeologists infer that they came to India through mountains in the northwest.
  • 1,600 BCE

    8.1, Greece, volcano eruption, north of Crete.

    Crete was an island that was the perfect location for the Minoans to trade. However there were still dangers around the island. At the North side of Crete there was a huge volcano eruption. This eruption caused really really big waves to happen. The waves flooded much of Crete and the ashes of the volcano created huge black clouds, lots of the crops of Crete were ruined. Archeologists think that it may be the cause of the end of the Minoans.
  • 1,595 BCE

    Asia Minor- The Hittites built chariots and used them skillfully.

    People known as the Hittites built a strong Kingdom in Asia Minor. They were one of the first people to master ironworking. With that advantage they built chariots and used them skillfully in battles.
  • 1,550 BCE

    Egypt-Ahmose rose to power and the New Kingdom began.

    When Ahmose rose to power Egypt reached the height of its power and glory. At that time conquest and trading brought wealth to the pharaohs of Egypt.
  • 1,500 BCE

    Kush-Kush became part of Egypt

    Kush grew wealthier and wealthier and their armies also got stronger. Egypt was afraid that Kush would invade them. To prevent that pharaoh Thutmose I sent an army to take control of Kush. He successfully conquered all of Kush. As a result Kush became a part of Egypt.
  • 1,250 BCE

    India-Hunduism developes in India.

    Verdic texts remained the basis of Indian religion for a long time. But however these sacred texts began to blend with many other cultures. People from different countries came to India and shared their ideas with them thus, developing Hinduism.
  • -800 BCE

    8.3, Greece, Homer is born.

    Homer is the greatest poet that ever lived in Greece, but historians know nothing about him. Homer's most famou poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Iliad is about the Trojan War. The story is mostly about the deeds of the Greeks, and especially Achilles. He was the greatest of all the Greek warriors. The Odyssey is about a hero called Odysseus facing lots of troubles on his way home. He had to face angry gods, terrible monsters, magicians, and many other obstacles blocked his way.
  • -800 BCE

    9.2, Sparta, Spartan rule made.

    Spartan rule was created by a man named Lycurgus. He made military strength the center of Spartan society because there was a slave revolt in Sparta once. He wanted to prevent it from happening again. From then on Spartans believed military strength was the most important thing.
  • -600 BCE

    8.2, Greece, rebels try to overthrow the aristocrats.

    The very first law in Greece was democracy, but after democracy rich landowners took power. The rich people were called the aristocrats. After the aristocrats took over there was a new rule called oligarchy. During oligarchy the poor people had little day in the government. The poor people could not bear it anymore. They rebelled against the aristocrats. As a result, unfortunately they failed.
  • -551 BCE

    6.2, China, Confucius is born.

    When Confucius was born he grew up in terrible poverty. In his teenage years he was really focused on his studies. There isn't much information on how he got his education, but through his education he was able to be a great successor in China. His teachings changed China's daily life and the way of its thinking.
  • -508 BCE

    9.1, Greece, Persian Wars

    After the cities of Greek rebelled against Persian rule, Darius invaded Greece. His invasion began a series of wars, and they are called the Persian Wars. The Greeks had lesser number of soldiers than Persia. However, the Greeks still won due to their better weapons and clever leaders.
  • -500 BCE

    India-Siddhartha Gautama(Buddha) finds enlightment

    Siddhatha Gautama wandered around India for six years. After wandering for six years he sat down under a tree and meditated. Siddhatha Gautama was about 35 years old when he found enlightment under the tree. After 7 weeks of deep meditation, he found out the answers to his questions. He realized human suffering comes from desire, greed, and not wanting the things that we have but don't like. He meditated 7 more weeks and told his ideas to his companions. From then on he was called the Buddha.
  • -400 BCE

    9.4, Greece, Athenians write great plays.

    Athenian writers make lots of great plays. Some wrote plays that expressed the hardships that was faced by Greek heroes. Among the best of them were Aeschylus, and Sophocles. Sophocles wrote about a story of this Greek hero who accidentally killed his on father. There were also stories that were comedies. Aristophanes used his humor to express hardships and life in Greece.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2, Rome, Plebians get roles in the government.

    The Rome’s government got complaints from the plebians that only the patricians got to take part in the government. The plebians wanted to take part in the Rome’s government, The patricians realized that if they did not do anything about it there wouls soon be a revolt from the plebians, so the patricians made new rules for Rome’s government. They made new offices that could only be held by plebians. After time went by, the difference in plebians and patricians was no longer there.
  • -359 BCE

    9.3, Macedonia, Philip the second becomes king of Macedonia.

    Philip became king and spent his first year fighting off invaders from taking over his country. After all that, he set off to start his own invasion. Philip’s main target was Greece. Philip won the Greeks easily because it was already weakened after the Pelopenessian War, and also because he was a great military leader. He used the phalanx strategy. A phalanx was a group of soldiers standing in a square. Each soldiers held a really spear.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3, China, Shi Huang Di unifies China.

    Shi Huang Di's actual name was Ying Zheng, but after he invaded all of China he gave himself the title. It means "first emperor." He followed Legalism and made strict rules to keep China strong. The laws that he made had really harsh punishments. He demanded that all of China followed his rule without complain. He ordered that the books that didn't agree with legalism to be burned. His harsh punishments came into effect when scholars opposed the burning of books. He buried 460 scholars alive.
  • -220 BCE

    6.4, China, Liu Bang becomes emperor of the Han dynasty

    After the Qin dynasty ended many different groups battled for power. After several years a group led by a person called Liu Bang won the battle. Liu Bang then became the first emperor of the Han dynasty. Liu Bang was the very first peasant to become an emperor. When Liu Bang ruled he changed the harsh rule of the Qin dynasty. He desired to free the people from a harsh government. He lowered taxes for farmers and gave big chunks of land to nobles.
  • -218 BCE

    10.3, Rome, Carthage and Rome battles.

    Carthage tried to attack Rome. A great general called Hannibal led the army of Carthage to attack Rome. Hannibal and his army led the Romans to the very edge of their defeat, but they still could not take over Rome. In the meantime, Romans thought up a brilliant idea. While Hannibal was busy attacking them they sent an army to attack Carthage. Hannibal realized and rushed back to Carthage, but Carthage had already lost to the Romans.
  • -20 BCE

    10.1, Rome, The Story of Aeneas.

    A poet named Virgil wrote the epic of Aeneas. Aeneas was a Trojan hero. The story is about Aeneas running away from the invaders to Italy. The story is told in the Aeneid. According to what the story says, Aeneas reaches Italy and finds groups of people living there. He formed an alliance with one of the groups. The group of people were called Latins. They defeated the other groups in Italy and became rulers. Aeneas married the daughter of Latin king and his descendants became rulers in Italy.
  • 180

    11.1, Rome, The Pax Romana.

    Rome changed into an empire from a republic. After the republic ended, the first 200 years were peaceful. There were absolutely no rebellions or any wars going on. There was only peace. That period of peace was called the Pax Romana. Because there were nothing bad to deal with at all, Rome made great advances in trade and also in population. The Pax Romana helped the Roman Empire greatly.
  • 200

    6.5, China, Buddhism spread across China.

    People from India came to China and started to spread Buddhism across China. Chinese people could not understand Buddhism very well so the Indian people used daoism to help them understand. Soon Buddhist altars stood in the royal palace.
  • 200

    11.3, Rome, Diocletian becomes emperor.

    Diocletian became emperor of the Roman Empire. He realized that the empire was way too big too rule alone. He then, split the empire into two. He ruled the eastern half and made a co-emperor rule the west side, but soon after he died, emperor Constantine reunited the empire into one again.
  • 200

    13.1, Africa, salt and gold become a big part of trading.

    Gold and salt were valuable resources to Africans. Salt was used as preservatives to keep food fresh. Gold was also highly valued as money and for crafting tools.
  • 300

    11.2, Rome, Constantine becomes Christian.

    Christianity was not a religion that could be easily spread without getting any harm. Christianity was banned in that time of period, but after Emperor Constantine became Christian Christianity was not banned anymore. What was even better is that later the emperor after Constantine made Christianity an official religion of Rome.
  • 300

    13.4, West Africa, Griots

    The griots were storytellers who told the stories of histories about West Africa. They did this by sharing stories to other griots and this is called an oral history. They also shared proverbs and wise sayings. They shared the oral history because they didn’t have a written language.
  • 430

    17.1, Europe, Geography shapes life in Europe.

    In Southern Europe, most people lived on coastal plains or in river valleys where the land was flat enough for the people to farm. The weather also influenced them to grow crops that could survive the region’s dry summers such as grapes and olives. In Northern Europe people lived farther from the sea. They still had their access to the sea for resources, but because rivers were an easy way of transportation towns grew up along them.
  • 430

    17.2, Rome, Saint Patrick. brings Christianity to Ireland.

    Saint Patrick was a monk who helped convert the Irish to Christianity. When Saint Patrick was a teenager he was kidnapped in Britain to Ireland , and was forced to be a shepherd. After six years, he escaped, but later returned and converted people to become Christians. According to a legend, Patrick won favor with the Irish by driving away the snakes there into the sea. When he died, he was declared a saint by the Irish people.
  • 570

    12.1, Arabia, Muhammad is born.

    Muhammad was born in an important family in the city of Mecca. As a child, he traveled at his young age with his uncle and the caravans. When he grew old enough, he managed a caravan business owned by a rich woman called Khadijah. Later, they got married. Muslims believe that God spoke to Muhammad through an angel in a cave. Muhammad then tells what he was told from God to many people. He taught people that the only god was Allah. Muhammad was like the Islam Jesus.
  • 589

    14.1, China, The Sui Dynasty is created.

    The man who finally ended the Period of Disunion was a man named Yang Jian. He conquered the South, unified China, and created the Sui dynasty, though, the Sui dynasty did not last long.
  • 593

    15.1, Japan, Shotoku influences Chinese culture to Japan.

    People from Japan started to influence Chinese culture to China. One of the most influential people was Prince Shotoku. He served from 593 to 691 as a regent. Prince Shotoku had admired Chinese culture all his life. As a person in his position, he sought the chance to spread Chinese culture. To do that, he sent scholars from Japan to China to learn about Chinese ideas. The scholars came back and the ideas they gathered changed Japan society. One example-Confucianism was influenced to Japan.
  • 635

    12.2, Medina, The Qur’an is written into a book.

    After Muhammad died, his followers still remembered his teachings in their minds. Muhammad’s followers put together what Muhammad taught them to form a book about the teachings of Islam. The Qur’an consisted of teachings such as ,there is only one god-Allah, the world has a beginning and will end, on the final day of the world Allah will judge all people, etc.
  • 800

    13.2, Ghana, Ghana has control of West Africa’s trade routes and becomes prosperous.

    Ghana took over all the trade routes of West Africa due to its good location. The location of Ghana was where many trades had to go through. Ghana took advantage of that and tasted all the traders that passed Ghana. Through taxing and trade, Ghana became very prosperous.
  • 800

    12.4, Muslim scholars combine the India number system with the Greek science of mathematics.

    Muslim scholars made advances in mathematics. They combined the math of India, including the number system of zero with the Greek science math. They made two important books with this. One for modern algebra and one for new number systems.
  • 1000

    14.2, China, fast ripening rice is discovered under the Song Dynasty.

    Under the Song Dynasty, the amount of land under cultivation has increased. Lands that were wild were now large farmlands. Farms also became much more productive, thanks to the discovery of the fast ripening rice! It grew quicker than other rice crops and ripened quickly. This allowed farmers to grow two, or even three crops in the time it used to grow only one.
  • 1000

    16.1, Guatemala, Mayans settle in the lowlands.

    The Mayans first settled in the low lands which are now Northern Guatemala. There were thick forests covering the lands, so the Mayans cleared out some areas for farming. They grew a variety of crops such as, corn or maize, beans, squash, and avocados. The thick forests also have them valuable food resources. The animals they hunted were deers, rabbits, monkeys, and many other. The trees and other plants were also really good resources for architecture.
  • 1000

    17.3, Europe, Feudalism reaches Britain.

    Feudalism was brought to Britain by a French noble named William, who was a duke or Normandy in Northern France. Later, he decided to conquer England. After his victory he declared himself the new king. He was then known as William the Conqueror.
  • 1100

    15.2, Japan, A new popular form of Buddhism called Zen arrived from China.

    A new form of Buddhism called Zen arrived at China. Zen Buddhists thought that neither faith nor good behavior led to wisdom. Instead, they thought that people should practice self discipline and meditation, or quiet thinking. These ideas appealed to many Japanese. It was especially appealing to the warriors.
  • 1192

    15.3, Japan, The Minamoto leader takes the title of shogun.

    Minamoto clan won the battle over charge of the government. He decided to take over Japan. However, he didn’t, but he wanted to get rid of the emperor so he could have the power. He kept the emperor as a figurehead who seems to rule but actually doesn’t have power. Then, he took the title of shogun which meant that he would rule Japan in the name of the emperor. After his death, many many shoguns continued to rule Japan.
  • 1206

    14.4, A leader named Temujin United Mongol.

    Mongols had been living separately for a really long time. Then suddenly, a powerful leader named Temujin United the Mongols. Although, when Temujin became the leader of Mongol, he was given a new title who was Genghis Khan. It meant “universal ruler.”
    He then organized the Mongols into a powerful army and led them in bloody conquests. He and his army killed everyone in wherever places they went for raiding. People were terrorized by him. Within 20 years, he ruled a large part of Asia.
  • 1300

    14.3, China, A new philosophy called neo-Confucianism was developed.

    During and after the Song dynasty, a new philosophy called Neo-Confucianism developed. The term neo many new. Based on the original which was Confucianism, Neo-Confucianism was similar in that it taught proper behavior. The thing is, that Neo-Confucianism also discussed spiritual matters. Neo-Confucianism was also made more popular under the Song Dynasty.
  • 1400

    13.3, Mali, the fall of Mali.

    Mana Munsa was the most famous ruler of Mali. He was also very rich. He was so rich that he created inflation’s wherever he traveled. He was really in to education too. He was a great leader but, when he died, his son Meghan who was a total weak sauce could not defend Mali from raiders. The raiders set fires unto Timbuktu.
  • 1400

    16.2, Mesoamerica, The Aztecs ruled the most powerful state in Mesoamerica.

    In the early 1400s, the Aztecs ruled the most powerful state in Mesoamerica which was their capital Tenochtitlán. The Aztecs had to overcome many geographic challenges to build their powerful capital. One of the biggest problems were difficultly getting from one city to another. They fixed this problem by building three wide causeways to connect the island to the lake shore. They also built canals that crisscrossed the city. They made traveling a lot easier for the Aztecs.
  • 1400

    16.3, Mexico, Pachacuti expands the Inca empire.

    In the mid 1400s, a leader named Pachacuti expanded Inca territory. Leaders followed his example afterwards. By the 1500s, the Inca empire was huge. The empire stretched from Ecuador to central Chile and included coastal deserts, snowy mountains, fertile valleys, and thick forests. About 12 million people lived in the huge empire.
  • 12.3, Persia, Abbas becomes shah

    Abbas, became shah. He wanted to take back land from the Ottomans.He gave his soldiers modern gunpowder weapons and strengthened the military. By copying the Ottomans, he made janissaries who were foreign slave boys that were trained to fight in battle. He defeated the Uzbeks and took back land from the Ottomans.
  • 17.4, England, Japanese poets create poems called haiku.

    Japanese poets created a new type of poetry called haiku. Haiku is short, and it only has three lines of poetry in total that exists of 17 syllables that describe nature scenes.
  • Korea I was born

    I was born in Pohang. Lived in Seoul in Korea. My sister was already born.
  • Ch.9, modern day, Euclid's math is still used today.

    Euclid is considered one of the greatest mathematicians around the world. He is known best for geometry. The system that Euclid made is still used in schools these days. The system is called Euclidean Geometry.
  • Ch.11, modern day, Christianity is one of the most famous religion in the world today.

    Christianity became Rome's religion after Judaism. Christianity was said to be rooted from Judaism, but it became a separate faith. Many people still believe in Christianity. In fact, now, Christianity is even more famous. Christianity is still spreading throughout the world.
  • Ch.8, modern day, Greek influenced our language today.

    Lots and lots of our words originated from Greek mythology. If we look at our language and compare carefully we can see many words that sound and look very similar. For example, the word titanic means something is very large and powerful. It comes from the Greek mythology word "titan". The word titan in Greek mythology means a powerful and large group of gods.
  • Modern Day-Hammurabi's Code

    After the death of Sargon, Hammurabi ruled Babylon. He created the Hammurabi's code which is a set of laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life. The law he made resulted as the rules we use today. The rules that we ue today is more complex than the Hammurabi's code people used last time, and we have a lot more difderent rules to keep in many more different situations.
  • Modern Day-Paper invented

    The papyrus that the Egyptians created lead to paper that we use today for our writing. It was first taken interest by Europe. China then invented paper in 100 BC. Papyrus was a long lasting paper like material that was made from reeds. The paper that we use today is a very thin sheet and is flexible. Papyrus was thicker than the paper we use today.
  • Modern Day-India's math is still used in these days.

    India developed lots of elements of the math that we use today. Indian math also created the concept of zero. Modern math would not be possible without zero.
  • Ch.6, modern day, silk is made

    China discovered the ways of making silk. Silk was made by taking the cocoons of the silk worms. Silk was very popular and it also increased trading in China because other countries did not have silk. China people kept it a secret because they wanted to keep having profits from silk. Anyone that revealed the secret was killed by the law. Silk I'd still really important today. Silk makes really comfortable clothings for us. If it weren't for China we may not have silk today.
  • Ch.10, modern day, Cincinnatus is an ideal leader still known today.

    Cincinnatus is the most famous dictator from the early Roman Republic. He was not eager to hold on to his power like others. He was very admired by the Romans and in still admired by leaders of the world today. In the United States, admired him too. Some people called George Washington the “American Cincinnatus.” There is still a city called Cincinnati named after him.
  • Ch13, Modern day event, music we listen today have developed from the griots.

    A long time ago, many people from West Africa were brought to America as slaves. The slavesfrom West Africa continued to sing the way they had used to in Africa. They also used instruments such as the kora played by a Senegalese musician Soriba Kouyate. The thing is, he was the son of a griot. Over time the music turned into a style called the blues. They then developed even more into styles such as jazz and rock.
  • Ch17, Modern Day, Japanese poems, haiku is still used today.

    The Japanese people created the type of poetry, haiku. A haiku is a short three lined poem with a total of 17 syllables that represent nature. Poets today still make haikus and it is known well to the world.
  • Ch16, Modern Day, The Mayans created the calendar, and our calendar has been promoted from it.

    The Mayans has observatories to study the stars. With the knowledge that they developed from astronomy in the observatories they made their own calendar. Our calendar that we use today could have been originated from the calendar that the Mayans had made long ago. If it did, the Mayans have influenced our calendar that we use today.
  • Ch14, Modern Day, Paper money is still used in our world today.

    At first, money were used as coins that were made out of metal such as bronze, silver, or gold. After that, the Song Dynasty introduced paper money. People slowly started using paper money. As time went by people realized paper money was much more convenient because it was lighter and easier to use than the heavy bulky coins. As trade increased and many people in China grew rich paper money became more popular. Because of the Song Dynasty, we can use paper money today conveniently.
  • Ch.12, Modernday, math made by Muslim scholarsare still used today.

    Muslim scholars combined the math of Greek and India to make new number systems and algebra that we still use today at school.
  • Ch.15, Modern Event, Japan is influenced by China’s language.

    Japanese people influenced their own country with Chinese cultures and traditions. One of the biggest influence was their letters. The Japanese did not have a written language, so they decided to copy Chinese characters. Till this day, the language of Japan that is spoken and written is still used in Japan.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertile Cresent People

    Sumerians Akkadians Babylonians Phoenicians Kassites Hittites Chaldeans Assyrians
  • Period:
    4,500 BCE

    Egypt and Kush

  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    -500 BCE

    Ch.8, Ancient Greece

    The end of the classic age.
    Minoan civilization to Athens.
  • Period:
    1,600 BCE
    AD 1

    Ancient China

    Xia, Zhou, Shang, Qin, and the Han dynasty.
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    -27 BCE

    Ch.10, The Roman Republic.

    Romulus and Remus, Augustus, Hannibal.
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    -30 BCE

    Ch.9 The Greek world.

    Cyrus the Great, Darius, Alexander the Great, Xerxes
  • Period:
    -500 BCE

    Ch.13, Early African Civilizations.

    Mamas Musa was the richest man in history.
    Camels were first used in North Africa to trade easier-AD300
    West Africans begin using iron & start to make clay sculptures-500BC
  • Period:
    -230 BCE

    Ancient India

  • Period:
    -44 BCE
    1,453 BCE

    Ch.11, Rome and Christianity.

    Julie’s Ceasar, Augustus, Jesus, Constantine.
  • Period:

    Ch.16, Mesoamerica

    Inca, Aztec, Maya
  • Period:

    Ch. 17, The Early Middle Ages

    Saint Patrick
  • Period:

    Ch.12, The Islamic World

    Muhammad, Ottomans, Safavids, Shah Jahan.
  • Period:

    Ch.15, Japan

    Emperor, Shogun, Samurai and Daimyo, Peasant.
    Hierchy of Japan society.
    Emperor was at the top of the hierchy, but the shoguns were considered the most important.
  • Period:

    Ch.14, China,

    589- China is reunified under the Sui dynasty.
    Tang-AD618 to918
    Sui-AD589 to 618
    Song-AD960 to 1279
    Yuan-AD1279 to 1368
    Ming-AD1368 to 1644