2017 Jordan Stuart Dalat World History

Timeline created by jstuart
In History
  • 4,000 BCE

    3.2-Mesopotamia, Sumerians; the society shaped by religion

    Sumerian people believed in polytheism, which is the belief of many gods. They had priests, for religious ceremonies. They also had a social hierarchy with kings, priests, merchants and artisans, farmers and laborers, as well as slaves, in that order.
  • 4,000 BCE

    3.3-Mesopotamia, Sumerian mathematics, arts and sciences

    In mathematics and sciences, they created a mathematical system based on 60, as well as medicines. They also created the plow, wheel, and an early clock. Art forms included carved stone seals, ziggurat temples, and jewelry to name a few.
  • 3,300 BCE

    4.4-Egyptian achievements

    Egyptians developed a writing system of hieroglyphics which they wrote on papyrus and the Rosetta Stone.
  • 3,200 BCE

    4.1-Egyptian geography span

    Egypt was called "the gift of the Nile" because it was thriving along the Nile. The Nile flooded annually, causing rich silt for farming to coat the land. The Nile is the longest river in the world and is roughly 4000 miles long.
  • 3,000 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamians; hunter - gatherers, agriculture, food surplus,

    Early Mesopotamians were hunter - gatherers; some hunted, others gathered. Next came agriculture which led to irrigation and a food surplus. This led to division of labor.
  • 3,000 BCE

    4.1-Ancient Egypt

    Menes was the first pharaoh and ruler to unify Egypt in 3100 BC and he created the first dynasty.
  • 2,700 BCE

    4.2-Egypt, religion

    The Egyptians believed in many gods and the afterlife. Since they believed in the afterlife, the elite and all ranks above them were buried as well preserved mummies in large tombs called "pyramids". These tombs were built by slaves and farmers.
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.1-India's first main cities

    Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were the main cities at the time and Mohenjo Daro had right- angled streets as well as a simple indoor plumbing system.
  • 2,300 BCE

    5.2-India, Caste system

    Castes, the Indian ranking and social system, came into play as Hinduism developed. The first were the Brahmin priests, then Kshatriyas, rulers and warriors, then Vaisyas, farmers, artisans and traders, then Sudras, workers and servants.
  • 2,200 BCE

    4.2-Egypt, Old kingdom

    Khufu was the most famous pharaoh; pharoahs were at the top of the Egyptian society. Right behind the pharaoh was the elite and below them the scribes and artisans. Below the artisans were the slaves.
  • 2,200 BCE

    6.1 Xia and Shang dynasties

    The Xia dynasty had many tales told about it, though not even scholars know if they are true.( 2200 BC )The Shang dynasty created one of the first written languages. ( 1500s BC )
  • 2,000 BCE

    3.2-The Rise of Sumer

    The Sumerians started conquering the Fertile Crescent and started to create the first city- states because of emperor Sargon
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.5-India, Sanskrit

    Sanskrit was the main language under the Aryans and was used to write many religious writings, like the famous Bhagavad Gita.
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.5-India, Sciences and Math

    The Aryans were some of the first to use inoculation and Hindu-Arabic numerals, as well as advances in metallurgy.
  • 2,000 BCE

    8.1 the Minoans, Mycenaeans, and the Dark Ages

    The Minoans were great traders and sailors. Their civilization was probably ended by a giant volcanic eruption near Crete. The Mycenaeans focused on trade and defense. During the Dark Ages, Greece developed cities and colonies in distant lands.
  • 1,800 BCE

    3.3-Mesopotamia, Sumerian Technology

    Cuneiform, the world's first system of writing after pictographs that weren't considered writing. This allowed job openings for scribes who copied writings and wrote original pieces like poems called "epics" which told stories about heroes.
  • 1,750 BCE

    4.3-Egypt's Middle Kingdom

    Wealth and power decreased and nobles struggled to hold power. The kingdom was finally reunited by Mentuhotep II. Though, near the end of this kingdom the pharaoh could not hold power.
  • 1,700 BCE

    3.4-Mesopotamia, The Babylonians conquer Mesopotamia

    Hammarabi was a good war king that had a series of 282 laws for everything in daily life. It was called Hammurabi's code.
  • 1,550 BCE

    4.3-Egypt's New Kingdom

    Chaos struck again as the Middle Kingdom ended and this time Ahmose reunited Egypt. Leaders made an empire to prevent invasion. As Queen Hatshepsut took power, new trade routes and opportunities opened. Ramses the great took power and formed a large army.
  • 1,250 BCE

    5.2-India, Hinduism

    Originally called Brahmism, the Hindu focus is on Brahman and it's many deities that reflect it's personality. Religious writings called Vedas were big parts of the religion and had thoughts written about them called Vedic texts.
  • 1,100 BCE

    6.2 Zhou dynasty

    The Zhou dynasty had kings who claimed to have the "Mandate of Heaven" and others believed as much also.
  • -850 BCE

    4.5-Kush and Egypt's conquests

    Due to Kush's rise in wealth and military power, Egypt conquered Kush to keep them from invading. After that, Egypt lost power and after regaining their strength, the Kushites took over Egypt. 1500-850 BC
  • -800 BCE

    8.3-Greece, mythology and literature

    In Ancient Greece, people wanted to explain why certain things happened since they did not have modern science. To explain these things, they made up many tales about gods and goddesses. Later literature included heroes, fables and songs.
  • -800 BCE

    10.1- The Rise of Rome

    Legend has it, that Aeneas, a Trojan hero, fled from his home land to the mountainous Italyand fought Italians with the, also italian, Latins. From Aeneas’s descendants came two twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, who were sailed in a basket by an evil king. They were then rescued by a she wolf and raised by her until they built the city of Rome. Before the building, Romulus got angry with and therefore killed Remus, then named Rome after himself.
  • -600 BCE

    8.2-Greece, Athenian government

    The first rulers of Greece were tyrants and aristocrats. These were oligarchies. The people of Greece were no longer happy with their government and this gave birth to democracy. A man named Cleisthenes was the first man to come up with democracy.
  • -551 BCE

    6.2 Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism

    Confucius was a man who lived during the Zhou dynasty and helped it stop the warring states period with his ideas of peace and education( 551 - 479 BC ). Daoism was all about the right path (About 500 BC) and legalism was about strict laws.
  • -550 BCE

    9.1 - The Persians

    In 550 BC, Cyrus the Great founded the Persian Empire and as he conquered other peoples, he allowed them to keep their own customs. When he died in 529 BC, his son, Cambyses took the throne until he died and Darius I took over, killing all his rivals until the Empire was conquered by Alexander the Great took over The Persians Empire in 334 BC.
  • -550 BCE

    9.2 - Sparta and Athens

    Spartans trained for military since the age of 7 and it was very vigorous. The woman had many rights compared to those in other parts of Greece. Athenian boys were taught some military training, but mainly were taught to be good students and were taught maths, sciences, and philosophy. Athenian women had little to no rights at all.
  • -520 BCE

    5.3-India, Buddhism

    Buddhism revolves around the Buddha or the former Prince Siddhartha Gautama who was enlightened after meditating under a tree for seven weeks. They believe they must follow the four noble truths and the eight fold path.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2 - Rome’s Government

    After a series of kings, the Romans created a new government, called a republic. This consisted of consuls, magistrates, senators, and Assemblies and Tribunes. These groups had to use checks and balances to make sure that no one got too much power.
  • -320 BCE

    5.4-India, Mauryan empire

    Candragupta Maurya gained power over northern India and used several spies and 600,000 soldiers as well as many war elephants. Asoka was also a great military ruler, but gave it up to become a Buddhist monk.
  • -320 BCE

    9.3 - Alexander the Great

    Philip II was the king of Macedonia until his death in 336 BC due to a murdering. After he died, his 20-year-old son, Alexander took over and conquered most of the ancient world. After spreading Hellenistic culture, he died in Babylon in 323 BC and three of his generals split the Empire which soon fell completely.
  • -300 BCE

    9.4 - Greek philosophy and arts

    The Greeks excelled in arts, especially realistically detailed statues. They were also the founders of as well as big fans of philosophy with ten founder being Socrates. They built a magnificent temple called the Parthenon as well. They also made mathematical advances with Euclid the great geometry teacher and Hippocrates a great doctor.
  • -221 BCE

    6.3 Qin dynasty

    The first Chinese empire was during the Qin dynasty under the reign of the first emperor, Shi Haungdi who enforced legalism and was responsible for the terra cotta soldiers.
  • -207 BCE

    6.5 Han interactions

    During the Han dynasty, the Silk Road developed as the invention and production of silk did. This valuable fabric brought wealth to China. This trade route also lead to the spread of Buddhism to China.
  • -206 BCE

    6.4 the Han dynasty

    Confucianism and strong family bonds were enforced. The Hans developed a version of a seismograph as well as acupuncture and many works of art, many of which were figure paintings.
  • -200 BCE

    10.3 - The Late Republic

    By circa 200 BC, the Romans had conquered most all of Italy. After these successes, they were absorbed into a series of battles called the Punic Wars. These lasted for a while and eventually led to a battle against the Carthaginian general, , named Hannibal. They did eventually defeat him and Carthage, however.
  • -170 BCE

    4.5-Kush, the city of Meroe

    In one of their main cities, the Kushites had many temples and other buildings.
  • 320

    5.4-India, the Gupta empire

    Candra Gupta I was the emperor of the Gupta empire. through his son, Sumadra Gupta, and the rest of the rulers -including Candra- of the Gupta empire, Hinduism was enforced and the empire had almost all of the Ganges River valley conquered. The Gupta empire was at it's highest point under the rule of Candra Gupta II.
  • USA, Jordan Stuart

    I was born.
  • Chapter 3-Modern day Mesopotamian connection

    Similar to Hammurabi's code, people still must follow laws today or suffer the consequences for every crime.
  • Chapter 4-Modern day Egypt and Kush

    Egypt still has some standing pyramids and other monuments. Kush is now the land of Nubia and also has about 50 standing pyramids of their own shape and size.
  • Chapter 5-Modern day Indian connection

    People still follow Hinduism and Buddhism strongly.
  • Chapter 6- Modern day Mandarin Chinese language

    Even today the Shang period writing is used in Mandarin with some changes.
  • Chapter 8- Modern day government

    Since the creation of democrac in Ancient Greece, many countries have become democratic.
  • Chapter 9 - Modern day connection

    People who wish to become doctors today still must say the Hippocrtatic Oath.
  • Chapter 10 - Modern day connection

    In the United States today,the government is a republic, similar to Rome
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 3-Early Fertile Crescent People

    Mesopotamians, Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Hittites and Kassites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Phoenicians.
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    300

    Chapter 4-Egypt and Kush

    Ancient Egypt - 10000 BC - 2700 BC
    Old Kingdom - 2700 BC - 2200 BC
    Middle Kingdom - 2050 BC - 1750 BC
    New Kingdom - 1550 BC - 1050 BC
    Ancient Kush - 3500 BC - 300 AD
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    220

    Ch. 6, Ancient China

    Xia dynasty - 2200 BC
    Shang dynasty- 1500 BC
    Zhou dynasty- 1050 - 400 BC
    Qin dynasty- 221 - 206 BC
    Han dynasty- 206 BC - AD 220
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    500

    Chapter 5-Ancient India

    2000 BC - 320 BC- Aryans ruled
    320 BC - 185 BC- Mauryan empire
    320 AD - mid- 500s AD- Gupta empire
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Chapter 8 Ancient Greece

    Minoans- 2000-1600 BC
    Mycenaeans- 1600s -1200s BC
    Dark age- 1200s-500 BC
  • Period:
    -800 BCE
    to
    -78 BCE

    Chapter 10 - The Romans part 1

    Kings’ rule - 753 BC - 509 BC
    Republic rule - 509 - show in another chapter
    Dictators’ rule - c. 500 - c. 450 BC
  • Period:
    -559 BCE
    to
    -60 BCE

    Chapter 9 - The Greek World

    The Persians - 556 - 486 BC
    The Athenians - 900 - 404 BC
    The Spartans - 900 - 323 BC
    Alexander the Great’s Empire - 334 - 323 BC