2017 haylee Douglas Dalat world history

Timeline created by hdouglas
In History
  • 7,000 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia, first settlement

    The first settlement started to form.
  • 4,000 BCE

    3.1-Mesopotamia,food surplus

    When the Mesopotamians got so much food from farming that they got enough to allow people to have different jobs.
  • 3,500 BCE

    3.3-Sumer, the invention of cuneiform

    The Sumerians invented one of the first writing system called cuneiform. The would use a stylus to wedge different lines in a clay tablet.
  • 3,100 BCE

    4.1-Egypt, Menes unifys Egypt

    Before Menes Egypt was ruled by two separate kings. The one king ruled upper Egypt and the other king ruled lower Egypt. When Menes came to power he wanted to unify Egypt. When he did unify Egypt he wore a double crown.
  • 3,000 BCE

    4.4Modern day connection-Egypt, papyrus

    Papyrus is like paper made out of reeds which is easy to roll up and write. The Egyptians made this because it was getting difficult to write on clay tablets. Because of the papyrus we were then inspired to make paper.
  • 2,300 BCE

    3.2 Sumer-the rise of the Akkadians

    Sargon the leader of the Akkadians wanted to extend the akkadians so he attcked and built a new capital near the Euphrates river
  • 2,200 BCE

    3.2 Egypt, when the pyramids were finished.

    Egyptians believed that the dead would go to the afterlife, so to insure that the pharaohs would have a good after life they buried them in pyramids. This pyramids were huge. The biggest pyramid was built by Khufu. It cover more than 13 acres and is 481 feet high.
  • 2,000 BCE

    5.1India- Aryan migration

    The Aryans came in and invaded the Harappans. The Aryan used the language of Sanskrit which is sometimes used in today's world. Sanskrit was used for writhings as well as speaking.
  • 1,792 BCE

    3.4 Modern day connection: Babylon, Hammurabi code

    : Hammurabi's code is one of the first set of laws for every day life, because of Hammurabi's code we have laws and rules in the countries we live in.
  • 1,595 BCE

    3.4 Asia Minor, hittites and kassites

    They were one of the first to master iron working. They also used chariots skillfully which helped them capture Babylon, but they didn't rule for long because the king had been murdered so they went into chaos which allowed the kassites to attack and rule for 400 years.
  • 1,500 BCE

    6.1-China- China's first writing system

    The Shang dynasty created China's fist writing system. The system has over 2000 symbols. This writing system was different from the one used today,but the current writing system still has some of the symbols.
  • 1,400 BCE

    4.5 Egypt, the conquest of Egypt

    When the Egyptians manage to drive the Hyksos away they started invading other places to prevent anyone to take Egypt over. In the empire they had created was the homeland of the Hyksos, Kush, Syria, and the whole eastern shore of the Mediterranean. Their empire stretched from the Euphrates river to southern Nubia.
  • -900 BCE

    3.4Northern Mesopotamia, the assyrians

    They gained control of Babylon for a little but then they lost power. After 300 years they grew stronger and used chariots and had a strong army and conquered the whole Fertile Crescent.
  • -900 BCE

    8.1- Greece- City states

    When the Mycenaeans civilization ended the Greeks started to make city states. A city state is basically a normal city surrounded by a wall and has an acropolis in the middle of the town.
  • -800 BCE

    3.4 Fertile Crescent, the Phoenicians

    The Phoenicians were known for there expansion of trade,but the thing they were know for the most was that they created the worlds first alphabet.
  • -753 BCE

    10.1-Italy-Romulus and Remus

    The legend is that they were two boys that belonged to a farmer and they put them in baskets down the river, then a female wolf found them and nursed them till they were older. So when they were older they wanted to found a city, but Romulus and Remus did not get along so Romulus killed Remus and became the first king or Rome.
  • -716 BCE

    Kush, the conquest of Kush

    After the kushite had regained their strength form when the Egyptians attacked them they so a opportunity to attack Egypt, as they were very weak. King kashta deafeted Egypt and took in over. When the king died hi son Piankhi finished off the conquest. Kush' empire extended from Napata to the Nile delta.
  • -612 BCE

    Assyrian empire, the Chaldeans

    When a series of wars broke up in the Assyrian empire the Chaldeans conquered the Assyrian empire. Their king, king Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt Babylon and returned it to its glory. The Chaldeans were know for astronomy, creating the calendar and solving complex geometry problems
  • -600 BCE

    India: Hinduism

    Hindu was born when aspects from other cultures and things from the vedas were joined together. The Hindus believed in many gods. They had 3 main gods that represent the big god aspect. This god was Brahman. Hindu is also the belief in rebirth. The goal is to get your atman, your soul to go and join Brahman, but since it is diffulcelt and all depends on how good your Karma is it could to take you several time to reach your goal.
  • -600 BCE

    8.2- Greece- oligary and Draco

    Greece's first reigning power was a type of government called the oligary. These where made up of a few aristocrats. But then a group of rebels tried to take them down but failed, but as result of the rebellion a guy named Draco made a new set of laws, but then his rules became to strict so he was replaced with Solon.
  • -600 BCE

    9.2-Athens and Sparta- family

    Boys in Sparta and arenas were similar but all the boys did in Sparta was learn to fight and be tough, but in Athens they got good education, if they were rich. In Athens woman had almost no rights but in Sparta women had quite a few rights and also received physical training.
  • -585 BCE

    9.1-Persia- Cyrus the great

    This leader created the very first Persian empire.
    Cyrus: was the one who led a revolt against Medes and made Persia a indecent place. Cyrus conquered most of south west Asia which included Asia Minor and parts of the Greek cities.He had a strong army and had had a calvary which was a part of the army that had horses in war
  • -520 BCE

    6.2- China-Confucianism, daoism, legalism

    Confucianism: this philosophy was created by Confucius in the late Zhou dynasty. It was put in place to help restore order to China. The main idea of Confucianism was harmony.
    Daoism: it developed as a reaction to Confucianism. But unlike Confucianism they believe that their shouldn't be one powerful government.
    Legalism: is the belief that people are bad by nature and need a strict ruler. Legalism has many laws that you have to follow at you coul be punished.
  • -500 BCE

    India- siddhartha's search for wisdom

    Their was a man who wasn't happy with awnser to life because he saw everyone around him and how they were in poverty. So he decided to go on a search for enlightenment. Siddhartha traveld around India talking to priest and wise men about religion. Then he started to fast and meditate. Then for seven weeks he fasted and meditated for 7 weeks under a tree. Here is where he found enlightenment. From then on he was known as the Buddha and the creator of Buddhism.
  • -500 BCE

    9.4-Greece-philosophy

    There were 3 main philosophers in Greece they had great minds and influence lots of people. First was Socrates he liked to question ideas and cultures and because of this the people got angry an pousind him.A student of Socrates called Plato was also famous. He wrote the Republic and created a school. The one of Plato’s students Aristotle was one of the most famous thinkers. He tailgate Alexander the Great and was very good at inferences.
  • -500 BCE

    13.1-Africa- the growth of Africa

    Because of all the different types of land in Africa they were able to get good resources such as gold and salt so that then they could go trade it. They also found iron so that it would be easier to make tools. This helped them grow and become richer.
  • -404 BCE

    9.2-Greece-the peloponisian war

    This war was between Sparta and Athens. They each created an alliance. Sparta’s alliance was called the peloponnesian league and Greece’s alliance was called the Delian league. Sparta’s first strategy was to try starve Athens but their huge navy gave them food then fought the Spartans off. So when the Spartans tried their staretgy again they attcked to coast to defeat the navy so then they starved Athens into surrendering and so they won the pelopponsian war.
  • -400 BCE

    8.3-Greece- Asoep and his fables.

    Asoep was a famous fable writer. Many of his fables are still known today.he wrote his fables my giving animals the ability to speak. Since the Greeks were into mythology this helped them learn the lessons.
  • -400 BCE

    10.2-Italy-the Roman government.

    To keep the plebibans and everyone else happy the romans came up with a system that was checks and balance. There were three parts, the magistrates they were the two most important people. They served for one year and were like the judges for everyone. The senate.it was a consul of wealthy people, they were 300 of them but they stayed in office for their whole life. They advise the magistrates. The assemblies and tribunes. Their were two branches, the first branch elected magistrate,veto magist
  • -334 BCE

    9.3-mesodonia and all the conquered cities-Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great was a great military success. He adopted the phalanx formation from his dad but adjusted it by using long spears. Alexander defeated the Persian empire and Egypt with no problems. He then continued to India but it was to difficult and his solders wanted to go home. He then died of some unknown cause at the age of 33 in his whole life being a military leader he never once lost a battle. All his kingdoms became Hellenistic which is where they are influenced by Greek culture.
  • -320 BCE

    India- the Mauryans attack.

    When the Mauryans came to attcak India with them they brought over 600000 soldiers and over 1000 elephants. They attacked and succeeded. The king was Candragupta Mauryan, but he gave his throne to his grandson Asoka because he had decided to become a Jainist monk.
  • -264 BCE

    10.3-Italy- the Punic wars

    These wars were between Italy and Carthage. Carthage leader was Hannibal and he did thing that no one thought was achievable. Instead of going to Rome by sea they walked all around and crossed the alps. Not only were they transporting soldiers but they had a whole troop of war elephants. This came in handy at the battles but they still lost their battles and Italy won.
  • -251 BCE

    India-Buddhism spreads

    After the Buddha died 500 hundred of his followers went and spread Buddhism around India. Soon after that the king converted to Buddhism and sent buddist missionaries out to the world, this is how the world found out about Buddhism.
  • -210 BCE

    6.3-China- the Great Wall.

    The Qin dynasty did not build the whole wall, but connected it all to protect themselves. This task was hard and many people died building the wall. But it did help them and is now a great monument. The people who built the wall were convicts and forced to build it.
  • -200 BCE

    6.5-Asia- Silk Road

    The Chinese created this route so that they could bring there good to distant lands. The Silk Road was named after the most important thing they traded,Silk. The Silk Road is 4000 miles long and goes westward from China across Asia's deserts and mountains, through the Middle East, until they reach the Mediterranean. Traders faced blizzards and sandstorms on this route, but they became rich by bringing back silver, gold, precious stones, and horses form Rome.
  • -27 BCE

    11.1-Rome- Octavian/Augustus

    Augustus was Caesar adopted son. After his death him and atony set our to avenge his death. Later on Antony married Augustus’s wife,but then he divorced her for cleopatra. Augustus took this as and insult so he went to fight Antony but he committed suicide with cleopatra as they didn’t want to be prisoners. The later on Augustus basically became the emporer of Rome. Everyone respected him and he brought order back to Rome, that was when the senate gave him the new name Augustus.
  • 100

    India-inoculation

    The Indians created inoculation which is where you give someone a little of the virus to help them build up their immunity to it.
  • 105

    6.4-China-Han achievements

    The Hans created many thing but some very important one is paper. They made it by grinding fibers from plant and then let them dry out.
    Sundial: this was one the earliest clocks. It used the sun and the shadow to determine the time.
    Seismograph: this is very impressive. They created this device to measure the strength of a earthquake.
    Acupuncture: this is when you insert fine needles into your skin to relieve pain or cure disease.
  • 135

    11.2-Italy-Hadrian and the Jews

    In the Roman Empire they did not ban religions unless they were taken out of had. The Jews had led one revolt, so Hadrian thinking that by banning some Jewish customs would fix it, but instead the Jews got angry and revolted again. This time Hadrian went and destroyed the whole of Jerusalem. This did not make the Jews happy but they couldn’t do anything about it.
  • 320

    India-Gupta rule comes to power.

    Eventually the Gupta rule came to power. The Guptas supported Hinduism and brought back the caste system, but they aloud people to be buddist and they built beautiful buddist temples and statues for them.
  • 400

    14.1-China-the age do Buddhism.

    In the period of disunison, Buddhism started to come to China. The Chinese sought comfort in Buddhism in the harsh times. So when the period of disunison ended Buddhism was widow you supported in China. Rich people would give money to build temples. Buddhism’s thrived through the sui and Tang Dynasty, But it ended when a Tang emperor deystoyed Buddhism.
  • 476

    11.3-Roman empire- end of the western empire

    When the Roman Empire got so big, emporer Diocletian split the empire into east and west. The east lasted much longer then the west. In the west the generals took over the kingdom, but eventually a foreign general came and overthrown the emperor. This was considered the end of the western empire.
  • 500

    15.1-Japan-clans and early emperors

    In the early years of japan they were sorted into clans and their leaders were called chiefs. The clans were mainly made up of family and extended family. A clan called the Yamato became very powerful and become the first emperor and ruled all the clans.
  • 600

    MD-India-the creation of the number zero.

    The Indians were the first people to create the Hindu-Arabic numerals that are still used today. They also created the number zero and without zero math would not be possible.
  • 613

    12.1-Arabia- a new religion

    This new religion called Islam was created by a man named Muhammad who was believed to be a prophet. This religion started when Muhammad saw that less of the rich people stoped giving money to the poor. So he went and mediated in a cave where it was believed that an angel came to him. Muhammad started to spread these teachings in Arabia. Not all the Arabians were happy as they were worried that they would get less money. But iver time he gained more followers. The would worship in a mosque.
  • 652

    12.2-Arabia- the five pillars of Islam.

    The five pillars of Islam are the five acts that Muslims are required to act. They are found in the Quran which is the Muslims holy book. The first act is you have to say “there is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet.” This is usually said when they accept Islam. The second one is praying 5 time a day. The third one is giving to the poor. The fourth one is fasting in the holy month. The last one is you have to visit Mecca once in your life.
  • 800

    13.2-Ghana-Ghana get rich from taxes

    Ghana started to from when the Soninke tribes banned together to for protection. They grew powerful by trading salt and gold. When they were stronger they started to taxes people for coming in and out of Ghana since it was such a main trade route. So they became rich and strong.
  • 900

    16.1- South America- the decline of maya civilization

    The maya collapse is very mysterious. No one really knows how such a powerful civilization could just crumble. Some theories are that either the common people rebelled or the Mayans couldn’t make enough food to support the civilization. They also think that climate change might have cause it.
  • 1000

    13.4-Ghana-the griots and preserving history

    The west Africans preserved history in some different ways but the main source of how we know about west Africa is through the griots. Griots are story tellers and they have to remember the history and tell it down to their tribes and family so that the future griots will know how to pass it down and then the tribe can learn from them
  • 1000

    14.2-China- the dragon bone.

    This was a irrigation system that helped with growing of crops. It was a light and portable pump.Instead of a ton of people carrying water to the crops, one person could scoop up the water several times and then pour it into the irrigation canal.
  • 1000

    15.2-japan-literature

    Literature and poetry was a big thing in Japan. Most of the poets were women. The men wrote in Chinese but the women wrote in Japanese.the most famous writer in Japan was a woman named Lady Murasaki Shikibu. She was the first person to write a full length novel. It was called The tale of Genji.
  • 1192

    15.3- Japan- The Samurai

    Samurai originaly started when Daimyos started hiring them to protect their land. Samurai were highly trained in combat and sword skills. Even though they were only supposed to serve their leader, they became very powerfully. The samurai had to live by the Bushido code of laws. One of them mostly important rules is to stay loyal to your leader.
  • 1200

    12.3-Asia-the Ottoman Empire

    The ottomans were made up of Turkish warriors. They took over the Byzantine empire and conquered Eastern Europe,north Africa and Arabia. They had soldiers that were called janissasies. They are Christian boys who were trained to be warriors.mehmed the second was the leader that lead the ottomans to conquer Byzantine.
  • 1206

    14.4-China- the mongol conquest

    The mongols were a group of people who lived in north China, but they were all living apart. Then genghis khan came and unified them. They’ve became a powerful army and put terror into everyone’s eyes. At every village they went to they would kill everyone. By the end of the empire they had most of Asia including China and a lot of Europe.
  • 1312

    13.3-Mali-mansa musa

    Mansa Musa was the most famous leader of Mali. He was a Muslim and spread his religion through his kingdom. He went on the pilgrimage to Mecca and on his way he handed out lots of gold which cause infliction. He took pride in education and built mosques and school and bought scholars back from his pilgrimage.
  • 1325

    16.2-South America- the Aztec build an empire

    The Aztecs were originally farmers, so they went searching for good soil and settled on an island in a lake called Texcoco. The Aztecs wanted to expand and get more resources, so they started fight other tribes and won. They forced the conquered people to give them gold and cotton which helped the, a lot.
  • 1500

    14.3-China- neo confusianism

    In the late Tang Dynasty the government became interested in confusianism again. In the Song Dynasty and after a new wat of thinking developed called “neo confusianism” which means new confusianism. It was pretty much the same as confusianism but it focused on a religious aspect to
  • 1537

    16.3- South America- Pizarro conquered the Incas.

    Before the Spanish came to conquer them, civil war broke out because two brother Atahupla was fighting Huascar to get the empire. Atahupla was on his way to his crowning when he heard that thier was 180 soldiers. Atahupla who wanted to show the people how strong he was confronted the soldiers and Pizarro with no weapons. What should have been an east win for the Incas, it led to thier decline.
  • 12.4-Muslim empire-medicine and other achievements

    The Muslims made many achievements in the sciences but one of them was medicine. They combined Greek and Indian knowledge of medicine. The doctors started pharmacy schools and one doctor discovered how to cure smallpox
  • Egypt, Rosetta Stone

    The Rosetta Stone was found by a French solider accidentally. Because of the Rosetta stone we can read hieroglyphs which was the Egyptians language. On the Rosetta was hieroglyphs and then the translation in Greek.
  • MD-6.3-China- the unification of china.

    The Qin dyanasty unified all of china. At first there were 6 states but then the Qin emporer Shi Huangdi went and conquered all of China. He the put into place standardization. Which is where they had the same writing, money and so on.
  • 8.2-MD-Greece- Athens creates democracy

    When Cleisthenes came into power he made a new system of democracy. Back in Ancient Greece the system of democracy was direct. So people had to gather together and vote. But now we have a indirect democracy where you elect someone to vote for you.
  • 9.2-MD- the marithon

    So the famous 42km run didn’t just come about because someone decided to do it but rather what happened was in the battle of the marithon someone ran 42km to proclaim the news that the Greek army had one. And after he said that he dropped down dead exhausted.
  • 10.2 MD law of the twelve tables

    These were laws that people could see were actual laws that were inplace. Like the Declaration of Independence. The deceleration of independence are a constitution that were written and agreed on.
  • 11-MD

    The romans came up with a coin system by useing gold and silver so that they could trade with people. Now we have a money system to but we have introduced paper money and we no longer use expensive metals such as gold and silver
  • MD-chapter 12- the maths

    The Muslims were very smart in there education, but something they did that all kids don’t like but is a need is that they laid the basic foundation for algebra
  • 13-MD-Africa-iron and tools

    The early people of west Africa found how they could use iron to make all sorts of tools to help with building and other projects. Now we can use them to also help with all of our building.
  • Ch14-MD- woodblock printing

    Woodblock printing is how they created the first printed book. A piece of paper would be pressed to a block of wood and then the letters would come out on the paper. This would of inspired us for our modern day printers.
  • Chapter 15 modern day connection- architecture

    The Japanese made many beautiful house and temples. They would make it out of wood and leave it brown to make it look more natural. They would curve the edges of the roof to make it look pretty. This has probably inspired building today and in Japan it also would have inspired temples.
  • Chapter 16 MD

    The maya de eloped a 360 day calendar that was much closer to our calendar then the Europeans. Our calendar is pretty much based off of theirs
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    Early Fertile Crescent people

    Sumerians
    Babylonians
    Hittites and kassites
    Assyrians
    Chaldeans
    Phoenicians
    Hunter gathers
  • Period:
    10,000 BCE
    to
    300

    Ancient Egypt and kush

    Ancient Egypt 10000BC-3100BC
    Old kingdom 2700BC-2200BC
    Middle Kingdom 2050BC-1750BC
    New kingdom 1550BC-1050BC
    Kush 200BC-AD 300
  • Period:
    2,300 BCE
    to
    400

    The Indian civilization

    Harappan civilization 2300BC-1700BC
    The Aryan civilization 1500BC-320BC
    Mauryan empire 320BC-184BC
    Gupta rule AD320- AD400
  • Period:
    2,200 BCE
    to
    220

    Chapter 6- Chinese empire

    Xia: 2200BC
    Shang:1500 BC
    Zhou: 1050- 400BC
    Qin: 221-206BC
    Han: 206BC-220AD
  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    -500 BCE

    8 Greek civilization

    Minoans:2000-1400BC
    Mycenaeans 1400-1200BC
  • Period:
    1,000 BCE
    to
    1537

    Chapter 16 the early Americas

    The maya 1000BC-AD900
    The Aztecs 1325-1521
    The Incas 1400-1537
  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    to
    -78 BCE

    Chapter 10 the Roman world

    753BC Romulus found Rome.
    400BC first republic
  • Period:
    -550 BCE
    to
    30

    Chapter 9 Greek civilization

    Persian empire 550BC-334BC
    Sparta
    Athens surrenders to Sparta in 404BC
    Philips rule 359BC-336BC
    Alexandra’s rule 334-323BC
  • Period:
    -500 BCE
    to

    Early African civilizations chapter 13

    500bc-discovery of iron
    300AD-Soninke going to make Ghana
    1230AD-Mali gains control
    1400AD-Songhai come to power
  • Period:
    -27 BCE
    to
    1453

    Roman Empire chapter 11

    27BC- Augustus first emperor
    200AD-split empire
    476AD- fall of western empire
    1453AD-fall of eastern empire
  • Period:
    550
    to

    Chapter 15- Japan

    Clan period
    The first emperors
    The art period
    Samurai period
  • Period:
    589
    to

    Ch14 Chinese Dynasty

    Suit dynasty: 589-618AD
    Tang Dynasty: 618-918AD
    Song Dynasty: 960-1279AD
    Yuan Dynasty: 1279-1368AD
    Ming Dynasty: 1368-1644AD
  • Period:
    622
    to

    The Islamic world chapter 12

    Muhammad is born-570
    Ottoman Empire- 1200
    Safavid empire-600
    Mughal empire-1526