Psychology001 small square

History of Psychology

Timeline created by skelly5195 in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Nicolaus copernicus portrait from torun beginning of the 16th century small square 3rd Feb, 1500 Nicolaus Copernicus In the mid-1500s Copernicus published the idea that the Earth was not the venter of the universe but that it revolved around the sun. This was later confirmed by Galileo Galilei who used a telelscope to look at star positions and movement. These individuals were begining to refine the modern concept of experiment through observation.
Descartes small square Rene Descartes Descartes Disagreed with the idea of dualism, the concept that the mind and body are separate and distinct. He proposed that a link existed between mind and body. His reasoning was that the mind controlled the body's movements, sensations, and perceptions and his approach to understanding human behavior was based on the assumption that the mind and body work with each other to create our experiences.
Phrenology small square Marmaduke B.Sampson History of Phrenology Sampson believed that behavior is a direct result of the shape of the head. He supported phrenology which is the practice of examining bumps on a person's skull to determine intellect and character traits .
50 small square William James Taught the first class in psychology at Harvard University. He is often called the "father of psychology" in the United States. He wrote the first textbook of psyychology called "The Priniciples of Psychology".James said that all activities of the mind serve one major function: to help us servive as a species.
Too much thinking and introspection is bad for you@@brain2 small square Wilhelm Wundt Guide to Introspection Wundt started his Laboratory of Psychology and is generally acknowledged as establishing modern psychology as a seperate, formal field of study. Wundt was a structuralist and was interested in the basic elements of human experience and developed a method of self-observation to collect information about the mind (this is called introspection).
Francis galton small square Sir Francis Galton Galton studied ancestries trying to see how heredity influences a person's abilities, character, and bavior. He concluded that genius is hereditary but didnt take into account that a person's environmet could influence their greatness. He pulished a book "Inquirieds into Human Faculty and Its Development"
Gestalt101 small square Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler, Kurt Koffka Gestalt Psychology These three German psychologists were part of a group that disagreed with the principles of structuralism and behaviorism. They argued that perception is more than the sum of its parts and involves a "whole pattern" or a Gestalt. They studied how sensations are assembled into perceptual experiences.
Pavlov dog small square Ivan Pavlov Pavlov rang a tuning fork each time he gave a dog some meat powder. The dog became used to the meat powder and then after the procedure was repeated several times the dog would salivated each time he heard the tuning fork
La teoria de sigmund freud sobre la interpretacion de los suenos small square Sigmund Freud Free association Freud was interested in the unconscious mind and believed that our conscious experiences are only the beginning and that beneath the surface we have biological uges that are in conflict between society and morality. He said that these unconscious motivations and conflicts are responsible for most human behavior. He started using a new method for studying unconscious processes called "free association".
Rl interactions small square John B.Watson, B.F. Skinner Reinforcement and PunishmentWatson formulated the position of the behaviorists who stressed investigating observable behavior. He stated that all behavior is the result of conditionaing and occurs because the appropriate stimulus is present in the environment. Skinner introduced the concept of reinforcement which is a response to a behavior that increases the likelihood the behavior will be repeated. "Walden Two" was written by Skinner where he portrayed his idea of Utopia.
Ethicsandmorality3 small square Cognitivists Includes contributors such as Jean Piaget, noam Chomsky and Leon Festinger. These people focused on how people process, store, and use information and how that information influences a person's thinking, language, problem solving and creativity.
Humanists small square Humanists In the 1960s humanists such as Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Rollo May described human nature as evolving and self-directed. they did not view humans as being controlled by events in the environment or by unconscious forces but believed that these forces served as a background in a person's internal growth. They emphasized how each person is unique and has the potential to develop fully.
Images small square Leonardo Doob Doob was a sociocultural psychologist (people who consider how our knowledge and ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving are dependent on the culture to which we belong) who Illustrated the cultural implications of a sneeze. He wanted to find out what bystanders do and say when someone sneezes and how others react to a sneeze. He looked to see if people turned their heads, what they said if the sneezer didn't cover his mouth, and other things like that.
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:
3rd Feb, 1500
Origins of Psycholory Psychology started back in the 5th and 6th century with the Greeks who began to study human behavior and decided that people's lives were dominated by their own minds. The early philosophers attempted to interpret the world around them in the perspective of other humans perceptions. These people set the stage for the development of Psychology.

Historical Approaches to Psychology This is when psychology started to evolve with new approaches to studying it and new thoughts and ideas. These people would study the basic elements of the mind (strucuralism), self-observation (introspection), the function of concsciousness (funcionalism) and much more.

Contemporary Approaches to Psychology Today the most important approaches to psychology are behavioral, humanistic, psychoanalytic, cognitive, biological and sociocultural approaches. the people today study the motives of human behavior, the conflicts we have and the changes in our bodies that influence the way we act